Schiele, Egon

Schiele, Egon
born , June 12, 1890, Tulln, Austria
died Oct. 31, 1918, Vienna

Austrian painter, draftsman, and printmaker.

He was strongly influenced by the Jugendstil movement, and the linearity and subtlety of his work owe much to Gustav Klimt's decorative elegance. Still, he always emphasized expression over decoration, heightening the emotive power of line with a feverish intensity. His candid, agitated, erotic images
often portraits of women
caused a sensation, and in 1912 he was briefly imprisoned for indecency. His landscapes exhibit the same febrile quality of colour and line. A special room was reserved for his work at a Viennese exhibition in 1918, just before he died in the influenza epidemic of that year. He has since been recognized as one of the great artists of Expressionism.

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▪ Austrian artist
born , June 12, 1890, Tulln, near Vienna
died Oct. 31, 1918, Vienna

      Austrian Expressionist painter, draftsman, and printmaker noted for the eroticism of his figurative works.

      As a student at the Vienna Academy of Fine Arts (1907–09), Schiele was strongly influenced by the Jugendstil movement, the German Art Nouveau. He met Gustav Klimt, leader of the Vienna Sezession group, and the linearity and subtlety of Schiele's work owe much to Klimt's decorative elegance. Schiele, however, emphasized expression over decoration, heightening the emotive power of line with a feverish tension. He concentrated from the beginning on the human figure, and his candid, agitated treatment of erotic themes caused a sensation.

      In 1909 he helped found the Neukunstgruppe (New Art Group) in Vienna. From 1911 onward he exhibited throughout Europe, and a special room was devoted to his work at a 1918 Sezessionist exhibit in Vienna, shortly before his death from Spanish influenza. Important works include “The Self Seer” (1911), “The Cardinal and Nun” (1912), and “Embrace” (1917). His landscapes exhibit the same febrile quality of colour and line.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Schiele, Egon — (6/12/1890 Tulin 10/31/1918 Vienna) (Austria)    Painter and draftsman. Studied at the Viennese Art Academy. An Expressionist who scandalized his times by his association with runaway teenage girls who were models for his erotic works. He was… …   Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators

  • Schiele, Egon — (1890–1918)    The most eloquent representative of Expressionism in Austrian painting, Schiele achieved not only fame but also notoriety for his graphic and often grotesque depictions of nudes, sometimes in full sexual acts. Some critics still… …   Historical dictionary of Austria

  • Schiele,Egon — Schie·le (shēʹlə), Egon. 1890 1918. Austrian painter and draftsman known for his aggressive, nervous style and his explicitly erotic subjects. A leader of Expressionism, his works include Johann Harms (1916) and Edith Seated (1917 1918). * * * …   Universalium

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  • Egon Schiele — en 1918 Naissance 12 juin 1890 Tulln …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • SCHIELE (E.) — SCHIELE EGON (1890 1918) Peintre et dessinateur autrichien. Étudiant à l’Académie de Vienne (1905 1909), Schiele rencontre Gustav Klimt, grand représentant du Jugendstil dans la ville impériale, qui orienta son évolution. Une importante partie de …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Schiele — Schiele,   Egon, österreichischer Maler und Zeichner, * Tulln 12. 6. 1890, ✝ Wien 31. 10. 1918; studierte 1906 09 an der Wiener Akademie der bildenden Künste. Zunächst dem Sezessionsstil verpflichtet, gelangte er zu einer seine eigene Existenz… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Schiele — (Egon) (1890 1918) peintre et graveur autrichien expressionniste. L érotisme de certaines oeuvres lui valut la prison …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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