Sancho II

Sancho II
known as Sancho the Cowled

born 1207, Coimbra, Port.
died Jan. 4, 1248, Toledo, Castile

Fourth king of Portugal (1223–45).

His reign was marked by a series of vain attempts to bring political stability to his strife-ridden realm. He renewed the war against the Moors and gained control over most of the Algarve (1238–39). He was deposed (1245) in favour of his brother Afonso III.

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▪ king of Castile
byname  Sancho The Strong,  Spanish  Sancho El Fuerte 
born c. 1037
died Oct. 6/7, 1072, Zamora, Leon

      king of Castile from 1065 to 1072, the eldest son of Ferdinand I.

      He was allocated the kingdom of Castile in his father's will, Leon and Galicia being given to his brothers. He refused to accept this division and dispossessed García of Galicia by force (1071). Alfonso VI of Leon, defeated at Golpejera on the Carrión River in January 1072, had to seek refuge with the Moorish king of Toledo. Sancho's triumph was short-lived, for he was killed while besieging the rebel fortress-city of Zamora, held by his sister Urraca in Alfonso's name.

▪ king of Portugal
byname  Sancho The Cowled, or The Capuched,  Portuguese  Sancho O Capelo, or O Encapuchado 
born 1207, Coimbra, Port.
died Jan. 4, 1248, Toledo, Castile [Spain]

      fourth king of Portugal, son of Afonso II and of Urraca, who was the daughter of Alfonso VIII of Castile.

      Factions were so fostered during Sancho's minority that his later government was never anything more than a series of vain attempts to achieve political stability in the kingdom. Renewing the struggle against the Moors, he took Tavira and Cacela (1238–39), thereby extending Portuguese sovereignty over a large part of the Algarve. But from 1240 onward internal disorders increased, and Pope Innocent IV's recognition of the king's political incapacity to govern led to Sancho's deposition (1245) and the entrusting of the administration to his brother Afonso (later Afonso III). Sancho retired to Toledo (1247), where he died the next year.

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Universalium. 2010.

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