Saint Augustine

Saint Augustine
City (pop., 2000: 11,592), northeastern Florida, U.S. It is the oldest continuously settled U.S. city.

In 1513 Juan Ponce de León landed there in search of the Fountain of Youth and claimed the territory for Spain. It became part of the U.S. in 1821. The Castillo de San Marcos, now a national monument, is a symbol of the era of Spanish control. During the American Revolution the city was a refuge for loyalists, and during the Indian Wars it was the place of imprisonment for Osceola and other Seminoles. It is a winter and summer resort and a port on the Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway. The economy is based on tourism and fishing.

* * *

 oldest continuously settled city in the United States, seat (1822) of St. Johns county, northeastern Florida, about 40 miles (65 km) southeast of Jacksonville. It is situated on a peninsula between two saltwater rivers, the San Sebastian (west) and Matanzas (east), and on the mainland west of the San Sebastian, just inland from the Atlantic coast on the Intracoastal Waterway.

      The Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León (Ponce de León, Juan), in search of the legendary Fountain of Youth, landed there in 1513 and took possession of the territory for Spain. In 1564 France established Fort Caroline near the mouth of the St. Johns River (Saint Johns River), about 35 miles (55 km) north. A year later, in order to maintain Spanish sovereignty over Florida, Pedro Menéndez de Avilés (Menéndez de Avilés, Pedro) destroyed the French colony and founded the city, which he named for St. Augustine (Augustine, Saint), bishop of Hippo, upon whose feast day he had sighted the coast. Except for the 20 years (1763–83) that Florida belonged to England, throughout the following 256 years it was the main northern outpost of the Spanish colonial empire.

 Since 1821 the city has been a part of the United States. A remaining symbol of former Spanish power is the massive Castillo de San Marcos (Castillo de San Marcos National Monument), built in 1672–95 near the southern tip of the peninsula; the oldest masonry fort standing in the United States, it is now a national monument. The city was plundered (1586) by the English sea raider Sir Francis Drake (Drake, Sir Francis), burned (1702) by Governor James Moore of Carolina, and besieged (1740) by the British general and leader of the Georgia Colony, James Edward Oglethorpe (Oglethorpe, James Edward); it became a refuge for loyalists (loyalist) during the American Revolution and during the Seminole Wars provided a prison for captured Seminole Indians, including Osceola. Union troops occupied it the last three years of the American Civil War.

      St. Augustine's economy is based on tourism (first promoted in the 1880s by the financier-railroad magnate Henry M. Flagler (Flagler, Henry M), a pioneer in Florida development), services, industry (including aircraft modification and the manufacture of aluminum products and boats), and commercial and sport fishing. The parent company of the Florida East Coast Railway has its headquarters there. Many Spanish colonial buildings and sites have been restored, including the cathedral (1791), Oldest House (begun in 1723), Ximenez-Fatio House (c. 1797), and the Spanish Quarter, a restored 18th-century village. The city has several museums, including the Lightner Museum, the St. Augustine Lighthouse and Museum, and the Government House Museum. Marineland of Florida is about 15 miles (25 km) south. Southeast of the city on Anastasia Island are Anastasia State Recreation Area and Fort Matanzas National Monument. The city is the seat of Flagler College (1968), whose main building is the first large hotel built (1888) by Flagler. Pop. (2000) 11,592; (2007 est.) 12,284.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Saint Augustine — (spr. ßent aogöstin), Hauptstadt der Grafschaft St. John im nordamerikan. Staat Florida, am Atlantischen Ozean, unweit des Südendes einer schmalen, durch den Matanzas und St. Sebastian River gebildeten Landzunge, gegenüber der Insel Anastasia,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Saint Augustine — (spr. ßent áhgöstin), Stadt im nordamerik. Staate Florida, am Matanzassund, (1900) 4272 E., älteste europ. Ansiedlung der Union (1565 gegründet) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Saint Augustine —   [snt ɔːgəstiːn], Stadt in Nordost Florida, USA, am Atlantik, 11 700 Einwohner; katholischer Bischofssitz; Fremdenverkehr, Bootsbau, Fischerei.   Stadtbild:   Erhalten (restauriert) sind malerische alte Gassen mit spanischen Häusern aus… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Saint Augustine — Pour le philosophe et théologien Saint Augustin, voir Augustin d Hippone. Saint Augustine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Saint Augustine — St. Augustine ist die englischsprachige Bezeichnung für: Augustinus von Hippo (354–430), Bischof, Kirchenvater und Schutzpatron des Augustinerordens Augustinus von Canterbury († 604), der erste Erzbischof von Canterbury Abtei St. Augustinus in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Saint Augustine — Original name in latin Saint Augustine Name in other language St. Augustine State code US Continent/City America/New York longitude 29.89469 latitude 81.31452 altitude 8 Population 12975 Date 2011 05 14 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Saint Augustine (Floride) — Saint Augustine  Pour le philosophe et théologien Saint Augustin, voir Augustin d Hippone. Saint Augustine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Saint Augustine's Church, Montpelier — Saint Augustine s Church is a Roman Catholic church dedicated to Saint Augustine and located on Barre Street in Montpelier, Vermont. [ [http://vermont community/religion spirituality/ City of Montpelier] ]… …   Wikipedia

  • Saint Augustine Beach House — (Сент Огастин,США) Категория отеля: 2 звездочный отель Адрес: 10 Vilano Ro …   Каталог отелей

  • Saint Augustine by the Sea Catholic Church — is a parish of the Roman Catholic Church of Hawai‘i in the United States. It falls under the jurisdiction of the Diocese of Honolulu and its bishop; it is staffed by the Congregation of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary. Located at 130 Ohua… …   Wikipedia

  • Saint Augustine's Prayer Book — is an Anglo Catholic devotional book published for members of the Episcopal Church by the Anglican monastic community the Order of the Holy Cross. The first edition of this little book of devotions was edited by Fr. Loren Gavitt and published in… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”