Rosenberg, Alfred

Rosenberg, Alfred
born Jan. 12, 1893, Reval, Estonia
died Oct. 16, 1946, Nürnberg, Ger.

German Nazi ideologue.

As editor of the Nazi Party newspaper from 1921, he drew on the ideas of the English racist Houston Stewart Chamberlain for his books espousing German racial purity and anti-Semitism, which reinforced Adolf Hitler's own extreme prejudices. In World War II he oversaw the transport of stolen art into Germany and was a government official in the occupied eastern territories. After the war he was tried at the Nürnberg trials and hanged as a war criminal.

* * *

▪ German Nazi leader
born Jan. 12, 1893, Reval, Estonia
died Oct. 16, 1946, Nürnberg
 German ideologist of Nazism.

      Born the son of a cobbler in what was at the time a part of Russia, Rosenberg studied architecture in Moscow until the Revolution of 1917. In 1919 he went to Munich, where he joined Adolf Hitler, Ernst Röhm, and Rudolf Hess in the nascent Nazi Party. As editor of the party newspaper, Völkischer Beobachter, he drew on the ideas of the English racist Houston Stewart Chamberlain and on the Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion, a 19th-century fabrication concerning a supposed Jewish plot for world domination. When Hitler was imprisoned after the Munich Beer Hall Putsch (November 1923), he made Rosenberg leader of the party, knowing him to be incompetent as an organizer and thus unlikely to establish a position of power.

      In Der Zukunftsweg einer deutschen Aussenpolitik (1927; “The Future Direction of a German Foreign Policy”), Rosenberg urged the conquest of Poland and Russia. Der Mythus des 20. Jahrhunderts (1934; “The Myth of the 20th Century”) was a tedious exposition of German racial purity. According to Rosenberg, the Germans descended from a Nordic race that derived its character from its environment: a pure, cold, semi-Arctic continent, now disappeared. The Germans, as representatives of this race, were entitled to dominate Europe. Their enemies were “Russian Tartars” and “Semites.” The latter included Jews, the Latin peoples, and Christianity, particularly the Catholic Church. Rosenberg's anti-Semitism and advocacy of “Nordic” expansionism gave a certain order and direction to Hitler's own violent prejudices.

      At the beginning of World War II, Rosenberg brought Vidkun Quisling, the Norwegian Fascist, into contact with Hitler to discuss a possible Nazi coup d'etat in Norway. After the fall of France, Rosenberg was in charge of transporting captured works of art to Germany. From July 1941 he was a largely powerless Reichsminister for the occupied eastern territories. At the Nürnberg trials Rosenberg was adjudged a war criminal and was hanged. His writings and speeches were published under the title of Blut und Ehre (1934–41; “Blood and Honour”).

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ROSENBERG, ALFRED° — (1893–1946), chief Nazi ideologist and head of the Nazi party s foreign policy department. Rosenberg was born in Reval (Tallin), Estonia. There is some doubt about the family s German origin though their name is German. Rosenberg studied… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Rosenberg, Alfred — (1893 1946)    racial ideologue; served in the 1920s as theorist for the NSDAP. Born of Balto German lineage in the Estonian town of Reval, he studied architecture and engineering in Moscow before fleeing revolutionary Russia in 1918. He moved to …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Rosenberg, Alfred — (1893–1946)    Born in Estonia, Rosenberg was an early mentor of Adolf Hitler and became the foremost racial philosopher of the Third Reich as well as the head of the Nazi Party’s Foreign Affairs Department. The son of an Estonian mother and a… …   Historical dictionary of the Holocaust

  • Rosenberg, Alfred — 1893–1946    Rosenberg was born into one of the overseas German communities at Reval in Tsarist Russia, and trained as an architect in Moscow before the revolution. On its outbreak he made his way to Germany, filled with violent anti Bolshevik… …   Who’s Who in World War Two

  • Rosenberg,Alfred — Ro·sen·berg (rōʹzĭn bûrg , bĕrg , bĕrk ), Alfred. 1893 1946. German political leader who expounded Nazi doctrine in The Myth of the 20th Century (1930). He was executed as a war criminal. * * * …   Universalium

  • Rosenberg, Alfred — ► (1893 1946) Político alemán, uno de los fundadores del Partido Nacionalsocialista y su más importante teorizador. Miembro del Partido Obrero alemán en 1919, redactor jefe del órgano del mismo, participó en el putsch de Munich (1923). Consejero… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Alfred Ernst Rosenberg — Alfred Rosenberg (Januar 1941), Aufnahme aus dem Bundesarchiv Alfred Ernst Rosenberg (* 12. Januar 1893 in Reval, damals ein Teil von Russland, heute Tallinn, Estland; † 16. Oktober 1946 in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alfred Eduard Frauenfeld — (* 18. Mai 1898 in Wien, Österreich Ungarn; † 10. Mai 1977 in Hamburg) war ein nationalsozialistischer Politiker, Gauleiter der NSDAP in Wien und später Generalkommissar des Generalbezirks Krim (Teilbezirk Taurien) im Reichskommissariat Ukraine.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rosenberg — Rosenberg, Alfred * * * (as used in expressions) Lev Samuilovich Rosenberg Rosenberg, Alfred Rosenberg, Ethel y Julius …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • ROSENBERG (A.) — ROSENBERG ALFRED (1893 1946) Théoricien nazi et homme politique allemand, né en Estonie, Rosenberg appartient à la communauté allemande des pays baltes. En 1917, il se rend en Allemagne où, par l’intermédiaire de Dietrich Eckart, il fait la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”