Robbe-Grillet, Alain

Robbe-Grillet, Alain
born Aug. 18, 1922, Brest, France

French writer.

Trained as a statistician and agronomist, he became a writer and leading theoretician of the nouveau roman ("new novel"), the French antinovel that emerged in the 1950s. His narratives lack conventional elements such as chronological plot and are composed largely of recurring images and repeated fragments of dialogue. Among his works are fiction, including The Erasers (1953), Jealousy (1957), and Djinn (1981); the essay "Towards a New Novel" (1963); and the memoir Ghosts in the Mirror (1984). He is also a screenwriter and film director; his best-known screenplay is that for Last Year at Marienbad (1961).

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▪ 2009

      French novelist, screenwriter, and motion-picture director

born Aug. 18, 1922, Brest, France

died Feb. 18, 2008, Caen, France
was a representative writer and leading theoretician of the nouveau roman (“new novel”), the French “antinovel” that emerged in the 1950s. His critical discourse Pour un nouveau roman (1963; Toward a New Novel: Essays on Fiction) was widely hailed as the embodiment of the genre's theoretical foundations. Robbe-Grillet trained as a statistician and agronomist before turning to literature. Although his fiction raises questions about the ambiguous relationship of objectivity and subjectivity, his earliest novels also display elements of the traditional detective story. His first novel, Les Gommes (1953; The Erasers), deals with a murder committed by the man who has come to investigate it. Le Voyeur (1955; The Voyeur) examines the murder of a young girl, while in La Jalousie (1957; Jealousy), a mistrustful husband views the actions of his wife and her suspected lover through a jalousie, or louvered shutter. His later works include the novels Dans le labyrinthe (1959; In the Labyrinth), La Belle Captive (1975), Djinn (1981), La Reprise (2001; Repetition), and Un Roman sentimental (2007), as well as the autobiography, Le Miroir qui revient (1984; Ghosts in the Mirror). Robbe-Grillet's techniques were dramatized in the films that he directed, among them L'Immortelle (1963). His best-known work in cinema, however, is the Oscar-nominated screenplay for Alain Resnais's film L'Année dernière à Marienbad (1961; Last Year at Marienbad). Robbe-Grillet was elected to the French Academy in 2004.

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▪ French author
born Aug. 18, 1922, Brest, France
died Feb. 18, 2008, Caen

      representative writer and leading theoretician of the nouveau roman (New Novel) (“new novel”), the French “anti-novel” that emerged in the 1950s. He was also a screenwriter and film director.

      Robbe-Grillet was trained as a statistician and agronomist. He claimed to write novels for his time, especially attentive “to the ties that exist between objects, gestures, and situations, avoiding all psychological and ideological ‘commentary' on the actions of the characters” (Pour un nouveau roman, 1963; Toward a New Novel; Essays on Fiction). Robbe-Grillet's world is neither meaningful nor absurd; it merely exists. Omnipresent is the object—hard, polished, with only the measurable characteristics of pounds, inches, and wavelengths of reflected light. It overshadows and eliminates plot and character. The story is composed of recurring images, either actually recorded by an objective eye or drawn from reminiscences and dreams.

      If Robbe-Grillet's fiction, with its timetables, careful inventories of things, and reports on arrivals and departures, owes anything to the traditional novel, it is to the detective story. His first work, Les Gommes (1953; The Erasers), deals with a murder committed by the man who has come to investigate it. Le Voyeur (1955; The Voyeur) deals with the murder of a young girl by a passing stranger. In La Jalousie (1957; Jealousy), a jealous husband views the actions of his wife and her suspected lover through a louvre shutter (jalousie). Among his later novels are Dans le labyrinthe (1959; In the Labyrinth), Instantanés (1962; Snapshots), La Maison de rendez-vous (1966; The House of Assignation), Projet pour une révolution à New York (1970; Project for a Revolution in New York), Topologie d'une cité famtôme (1976; Topology of a Phantom City), Un Régicide (1978; “A Regicide”), and Djinn (1981). Robbe-Grillet continued to write into the early 21st century; novels from this period include La Reprise (2001; Repetition) and Un Roman sentimental (2007; “A Sentimental Novel”), the latter of which concerns incest and pedophilia. His autobiography, Le Miroir qui revient (Ghosts in the Mirror), was published in 1984.

      Robbe-Grillet's techniques were dramatized in the motion pictures he directed, among them L'Immortelle (1963; “The Immortal”), Trans-Europ-Express (1966), and L'Homme qui ment (1968; The Man Who Lies). His best-known work in the medium, however, is the screenplay for Alain Resnais (Resnais, Alain)'s film L'Année dernière à Marienbad (1961; Last Year at Marienbad). Ultimately, Robbe-Grillet's work raises questions about the ambiguous relationship of objectivity and subjectivity.

      Robbe-Grillet was the recipient of numerous honours. In 2004 he was elected to the French Academy.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Robbe-Grillet,Alain — Robbe Gril·let (rôb grē yāʹ), Alain. Born 1922. French writer and exponent of the New Wave in French literature. His screenplays and novels, such as The Erasers (1953), subordinate plot to the treatment of space and time. * * * …   Universalium

  • Robbe-Grillet, Alain — (August 18, 1922, Brest, Finistère, France February 18, 2008, Caen, Calvados, France)    He studied biology and mathematics and graduated from the Institut National Agronomique (National Institute of Agronomy) in 1945. While working as a… …   Encyclopedia of French film directors

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  • Robbe-Grillet, Alain — ► (n. 1922) Escritor francés. Con riguroso objetivismo, va sugiriendo al lector la soledad metafísica de los personajes. Obras: La celosía (1957), En el laberinto (1959) y Reanudación (2001), entre otras. * * * (18 ago. 1922, Brest, Francia).… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Alain Robbe-Grillet — Activités Romancier, Cinéaste, Essayiste Naissance 18 août 1922 Brest Décès 18 février 2008 Caen Langue d écriture français …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alain Robbe Grillet — Alain Robbe Grillet, né le 18 août 1922 à Brest (Finistère) et décédé le 18 février 2008 à Caen (Calvados) est un romancier et cinéaste français. Considéré comme le chef de file du nouveau roman, il a été élu à l Académie… …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Alain Robbe Grillet — (* 18. August 1922 in Brest; † 18. Februar 2008 in Caen) war ein französischer Agraringenieur, Filmemacher, Schriftsteller und Mitglied der Académie Française. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Werdegang 2 Mitgliedschaft 3 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ROBBE-GRILLET (A.) — ROBBE GRILLET ALAIN (1922 ) L’un des plus célèbres représentants d’un groupe d’écrivains qui, dans les années 1950, se trouvèrent réunis par un souci commun: la réflexion sur la forme romanesque et sur la volonté de lui faire subir une révolution …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Robbe-Grillet — (Alain) (né en 1922) écrivain et cinéaste français, théoricien du nouveau roman: les Gommes (1953), le Voyeur (1955), la Jalousie (1957), Dans le labyrinthe (1959), la Maison de rendez vous (1965). Films: l Immortelle (1963), la Belle Captive… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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