Reye syndrome

Reye syndrome
Acute neurological illness in children, following influenza, chickenpox, or other viral infections.

Vomiting, lethargy, and confusion begin as the child appears to be recovering. These symptoms are followed hours or days later by drowsiness, disorientation, seizures, respiratory arrest, and coma. At worst, the syndrome includes fatty liver degeneration and potentially fatal brain swelling. There is no specific cure, but treatment of imbalances helps over 70% of patients survive (some with brain damage). The incidence has decreased since the recognition that it often follows use of aspirin or other salicylic acid derivatives in children during a viral illness. It can also result from aflatoxin or warfarin poisoning.

* * *

      acute neurologic disease that develops primarily in children following influenza, chicken pox (chickenpox), or other viral (virus) infections. It may result in accumulation of fat in the liver and swelling of the brain. The disease was first reported by the Australian pathologist R.D.K. Reye in 1963.

      Reye syndrome commonly occurs during recovery from a viral illness, but it can also occur following aflatoxin or warfarin poisoning. It has also been associated with the use of aspirin or other salicylates during a viral illness. Inital symptoms include nausea, vomiting, lethargy, and confusion. Within a few hours or days drowsiness, disorientation, seizures, respiratory arrest, and coma occur. The precise cause of Reye syndrome is unknown but is thought to be related to viral damage to the cerebral mitochondria (cellular structures responsible for energy metabolism). A decline in the incidence of the syndrome has been attributed to the reduced use of salicylates in the treatment of pediatric viral infections.

      Although there is no specific cure, treatment involves the careful monitoring of the patient's vital functions and prompt correction of any imbalances with antibiotics (antibiotic), insulin, corticosteroids, glucose, diuretics (diuretic), blood serum, and other aids. More than 70 percent of patients recover; some recover completely, whereas others suffer some degree of brain damage.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Reye syndrome — A sudden, sometimes fatal, disease of the brain (encephalopathy) with degeneration of the liver, occurs in children (most cases 4 12 years of age), comes after the chickenpox (varicella) or an influenza type illness, is also associated with… …   Medical dictionary

  • Reye syndrome — A rare disease that damages the brain and liver and causes death if not treated. It occurs most often in children younger than 15 years who have had a fever causing virus, such as chickenpox or flu. Taking aspirin during a viral illness may… …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • Reye syndrome — /reɪ ˈsɪndroʊm/ (say ray sindrohm) noun a rare condition of children, with the two major characteristics of encephalitis and liver failure, following on from a viral infection such as influenza, measles, etc. Also, Reye s syndrome. {named after… …  

  • Reye syndrome — noun see Reye s syndrome …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • reye syndrome — noun see reye s syndrome …   Useful english dictionary

  • Syndrome de reye — Classification et ressources externes CIM 10 G93.7 CIM 9 331.81 Le syndrome de Reye est une maladie rare et potentiellement fatale qui entraîne de nombreux effets nocifs à divers organes, en particulier le cerveau et le foie. Le syndrome doit son …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Syndrome de Reye — Classification et ressources externes CIM 10 G93.7 CIM 9 331.81 DiseasesDB …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Reye's syndrome — rīz also rāz also Reye syndrome rī also rā n an often fatal encephalopathy esp. of childhood characterized by fever, vomiting, fatty infiltration of the liver, and swelling of the kidneys and brain Reye rī Ralph Douglas Kenneth (1912 1977)… …   Medical dictionary

  • Reye-Johnson syndrome — Reye John·son syndrome (riґ jonґsən) [R.D.K. Reye; George Magnus Johnson, American physician, born 1935] Reye syndrome …   Medical dictionary

  • Reye's syndrome — Infobox Disease Name = Reye s syndrome Caption = DiseasesDB = 11463 ICD10 = ICD10|G|93|7|g|90 ICD9 = ICD9|331.81 ICDO = OMIM = MedlinePlus = 001565 eMedicineSubj = emerg eMedicineTopic = 399 MeshName = Reye+Syndrome MeshNumber = C06.552.241.649… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”