Reni, Guido

Reni, Guido
born Nov. 4, 1575, Bologna, Papal States
died Aug. 18, 1642, Bologna

Italian painter.

Apprenticed to the Flemish painter Denis Calvaert at 10, he was later influenced by the novel naturalism of the Carracci family of his native Bologna, the frescoes of Raphael, and ancient Greco-Roman sculpture. He executed many important commissions in Rome, including the celebrated ceiling fresco Aurora (1613–14). In his religious and mythological works, he tempered Baroque exuberance and complexity with Classical restraint, tender emotion, and delicate colouring. Until John Ruskin scorned him in the 19th century, he was highly regarded; his status as one of the great painters of the 17th century has since been reestablished.

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▪ Italian painter
born Nov. 4, 1575, Bologna, Papal States [Italy]
died Aug. 18, 1642, Bologna
 early Italian Baroque painter noted for the classical idealism of his renderings of mythological and religious subjects.

      First apprenticed to the Flemish painter Denis Calvaert at the age of 10, Reni was later influenced by the novel naturalism of the Carracci, a Bolognese family of painters. In 1599 he was received into the guild of painters, and after 1601 he divided his time between his studios in Bologna and Rome. Upon gaining prominence Reni surrounded himself with helpers—such as Giovanni Lanfranco, Francesco Albani, and Antonio Carracci—who were fascinated by his noble if somewhat tyrannical personality.

      In his early career Reni executed important commissions for Pope Paul V and Scipione Cardinal Borghese, painting numerous frescoes in chapels for these and other patrons. Among these works is the celebrated fresco “Aurora” (1613–14). In his religious and mythological paintings, Reni evolved a style that tempered Baroque exuberance and complexity with classical restraint. Such compositions as “Atalanta and Hippomenes” (1625) show his preference for gracefully posed figures that mirror antique ideals. In the later part of his career, Reni employed lighter tones, softer colours, and extremely free brushwork.

      Except for the work of the Carracci family, the frescoes of Raphael and ancient Greek sculptures were the main inspiration for Reni's art. He strove toward a classical harmony in which reality is presented in idealized proportions. The mood of his paintings is calm and serene, as are the studied softness of colour and form. His religious compositions made him one of the most famous painters of his day in Europe, and a model for other Italian Baroque artists.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Reni, Guido — • Italian painter (1575 1642) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Reni, Guido — (1575 1642)    One of the members of the Bolognese School, Guido Reni began his training as painter in the studio of the Flemish master Denys Calvaert in Bologna. After a fallout with Calvaert, Reni moved onto the Carracci School to complete his… …   Dictionary of Renaissance art

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  • Reni,Guido — Re·ni (rāʹnē), Guido. 1575 1642. Italian painter whose lyrical, idealistic works include the Crucifixion of Saint Peter (1603) and the Aurora fresco (1613 1614). * * * …   Universalium

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  • Guido Reni — (4 November 1575 ndash; 18 August 1642) was a prominent Italian painter of high Baroque style. BiographyBorn in Bologna into a family of musicians, Guido Reni was the son of Daniele Reni and Ginevra de’ Pozzi. As a child of nine, he was… …   Wikipedia

  • Guido Reni —     Guido Reni     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Guido Reni     Italian painter, b. at Calvenzano near Bologna, 4 Nov., 1575; d. at Bologna, 18 Aug. 1642. At one time a memoir of Guido would have exalted him to the very highest position, especially… …   Catholic encyclopedia

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