Putnam, Israel

Putnam, Israel
born Jan. 7, 1718, Salem Village, Mass.
died May 29, 1790, Pomfret, Conn., U.S.

American Revolutionary army officer.

He was a prosperous farmer in Connecticut from 1740. He served throughout the French and Indian War and rose to the rank of lieutenant colonel in 1759. Appointed a major general in the Continental Army in 1775, he fought with distinction at Bunker Hill, but his troops were defeated at the Battle of Long Island. He was charged with the defense of the Hudson highlands but abandoned Fort Montgomery and Fort Clinton to the British. He served in lesser commands until suffering a stroke in 1779.

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▪ United States general
born January 7, 1718, Salem Village [now Danvers], Massachusetts [U.S.]
died May 29, 1790, Pomfret, Connecticut, U.S.

      American general in the American Revolution.

      After moving to Pomfret, Connecticut, about 1740, Putnam became a prosperous farmer. He saw service throughout the French and Indian War, being captured by Indians and rising to the rank of lieutenant colonel in 1759. By this time his numerous adventures on the frontier had given him a formidable reputation for strength and bravery. At the outbreak of the American Revolution in 1775, he was appointed a major general in the Continental Army. He distinguished himself at the Battle of Bunker Hill (Bunker Hill, Battle of) in June 1775, but at the Battle of Long Island (Long Island, Battle of) he commanded the divisions in Brooklyn that were defeated. In May 1777 he was put in charge of American defenses in the Hudson highlands, including Forts Montgomery and Clinton. When he abandoned these forts to the British soon afterward, he was faced with a court of inquiry, which nevertheless exonerated him. A paralytic stroke ended his active service in December 1779.

      George Washington (Washington, George) and others had originally placed high hopes in Putnam as a Continental commander, given his near-legendary feats as an Indian fighter. But Putnam proved disappointing as a tactician, being unable to plan and coordinate operations involving large numbers of troops. His dilatory execution of orders from Washington further diminished his effectiveness on the battlefield. Although brave, self-confident, and energetic, Putnam was not competent to fill the generalship that his popularity had brought him, and after 1777 Washington was forced to withhold important commands from him.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Putnam,Israel — Put·nam (pŭtʹnəm), Israel. 1718 1790. American soldier active in the French and Indian War and the Revolutionary War. During the Battle of Bunker Hill (June 17, 1775), he supposedly issued the order, “Don t one of you shoot until you see the… …   Universalium

  • Putnam, Israel — (7 ene. 1718, Salem Village, Mass, EE.UU.–29 may. 1790, Pomfret, Conn.). Oficial de ejército de la guerra de independencia de los EE.UU. A partir de 1740 fue un agricultor próspero en Connecticut. Prestó servicios durante toda la guerra francesa… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Israel (Personenname) — Israel ist ein hebräischer Familienname und männlicher Vorname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Bekannte Namensträger 2.1 Vorname 2.2 Familienname 2.3 Künstlername …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Israel Putnam — Gen. Maj. Israel Putnam Israel Putnam (* 7. Januar 1718 in Salem Village (heute: Danvers), Massachusetts; † 29. Mai 1790 in Brooklyn, Connecticut) war US amerikanischer General im Amerikanischen Unabhängigkeitskrieg …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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