Poynings, Sir Edward

Poynings, Sir Edward
born 1459, Southwark?, near London, Eng.
died October 1521, Westenhanger, Kent

English soldier and administrator.

A supporter of Henry Tudor (later Henry VII), he served as the king's lord deputy of Ireland (1494–95), where he enacted legislative measures ("Poynings' Laws") that applied all English public laws to Ireland and required every act of the Irish parliament to be approved by the king and privy council.

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▪ English lord deputy of Ireland
born 1459, Southwark?, near London, Eng.
died October 1521, Westenhanger, Kent

      lord deputy of Ireland from September 1494 to December 1495, mainly remembered for the laws—“Poynings' Laws”—that subjected the Irish Parliament to the control of the English king and council.

      A grandson of William Paston, he was a rebel (1483) against Richard III and attached himself to Henry Tudor, earl of Richmond, who employed him after his accession as Henry VII in military offices at Calais and elsewhere. Yorkist pretenders against Henry VII having secured support in Ireland, Henry decided to experiment with a regime of military and financial experts who would attack the Yorkists in the field, take statutory steps to prevent the king's government in Dublin being utilized against him, and endeavour to revive the royal revenue that had virtually disappeared. In 1494 Poynings was put in charge of this program.

      From the military standpoint, Poynings' efforts were only partly successful, and his revenue measures were so unsuccessful that he was recalled to England. Poynings' legislative measures, however, earned him a lasting, if unsought, fame. Of these, two measures were notably associated with his name. The first applied all recent English public laws to Ireland; the second and more famous one subjected the meetings and legislative drafts of the Irish Parliament to the control of the English king and of his English council (but not of the English Parliament). Thereafter until 1782 Parliament could not legally meet in Ireland until licensed to do so by the English lord chancellor and until the causes for the meeting and the bills to be put before it had first been approved by the king and his English council. Moreover, because draft legislation had to be approved by the king in council before being put before the Irish Parliament, amendments to government measures could not be introduced in Ireland.

      Poynings was subsequently appointed warden of the Cinque Ports. Under Henry VIII he helped to negotiate the Holy League in 1513.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Poynings, Sir Edward — (1459, ¿Southwark?, cerca de Londres, Inglaterra–oct. 1521, Westenhanger, Kent). Militar y administrador inglés. Partidario de Enrique Tudor (con posterioridad Enrique VII), fue lord diputado en Irlanda (1494–95), donde promulgó disposiciones… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Edward — /ed weuhrd/, n. 1. Prince of Wales and Duke of Cornwall ( The Black Prince ), 1330 76, English military leader (son of Edward III). 2. Lake, a lake in central Africa, between Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo: a source of the Nile.… …   Universalium

  • sir — /serr/, n. 1. a respectful or formal term of address used to a man: No, sir. 2. (cap.) the distinctive title of a knight or baronet: Sir Walter Scott. 3. (cap.) a title of respect for some notable personage of ancient times: Sir Pandarus of Troy …   Universalium

  • Edward — (as used in expressions) Abbey, Edward Acheson, Edward Goodrich Acton (de Aldenham), John Emerich Edward Dahlberg Acton, 1 barón Albee, Edward (Franklin) Edward Teach Bax, Sir Arnold (Edward Trevor) Bellamy, Edward Bernays, Edward L. Charles… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Poynings' Law — is a parliamentary act initiated by Sir Edward Poynings in the Irish Parliament at Drogheda in 1494. In his position as Viceroy to Ireland and Lord Deputy, as appointed by King Henry VII of England, Poynings called together an assembly of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Edward Howard (admiral) — Sir Edward Howard, (1476/1477 ndash; 25 April 1513), son of Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk and Elizabeth Tilney, younger brother to Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk. Edward was the first of the Howards to win fame as a great admiral,… …   Wikipedia

  • Poynings’ Law — (Poynings’ Gesetz) geht zurück auf Sir Edward Poynings KG (1459–1521) und dessen Erklärung gegenüber dem irischen Parlament in Drogheda im Jahr 1494. In seiner Position als Lord Deputy (Stellvertreter des englischen Königs Heinrich VII. in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Poynings' Law —   [ pɔɪnɪȖz lɔː], auf Sir Edward Poynings (* 1459, ✝ 1521), Statthalter Heinrichs VII. in Irland, zurückgehendes Gesetz von 1494; es machte Zusammentritt und Tagesordnung des irischen Parlaments von der vorherigen Zustimmung des englischen Königs …   Universal-Lexikon

  • POYNINGS'S LAW —    an Act of Parliament held at Drogheda in 1495 in the reign of Henry VII., declaring that all statutes hitherto passed in England should be also in force in Ireland, so called from Sir Edward Poynings, the lieutenant of Ireland at the time …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Poynings' Laws — A set of statutes enacted in the 10 Henry VII. (1494), so called because Sir Edward Poynings was then lord deputy, restraining the powers of the Irish parliament, and making English statutes then in force effective in Ireland. See 1 Bl Comm 102,… …   Ballentine's law dictionary

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