Pilgrimage of Grace

Pilgrimage of Grace
(1536) Uprising in the northern counties of England against the Reformation legislation of Henry VIII.

Royal mandates to dissolve the monasteries in the north triggered riots in Lincolnshire and Yorkshire, where 30,000 armed rebels under Robert Aske occupied York, demanding a return to papal obedience and a parliament free from royal influence. Playing for time to assemble enough royal forces to oust the rebels, the 3rd duke of Norfolk made vague promises, and the rebels dispersed, believing they had won, only to be arrested later; about 220 were executed, including Aske.

* * *

▪ English history
      (1536), a rising in the northern counties of England, the only overt immediate discontent shown against the Reformation legislation of King Henry VIII. Part of the resentment was caused by attempts, especially under Henry's minister Thomas Cromwell, to increase government control in the north; there was an element of agrarian opposition to enclosures for pasture; and there was a religious element, aroused especially by the dissolution of the monasteries, then in progress. The arrival of commissioners sent by Cromwell to collect a financial subsidy and to dissolve the smaller monasteries triggered the rising. In Louth in Lincolnshire there were riots on October 1, and commissioners were attacked. The rebels occupied Lincoln, demanding an end to the dissolution, revenge on Cromwell, and the dismissal of heretical bishops. But Henry refused to treat with men in arms against him (although professing their loyalty), and the Lincolnshire movement collapsed on October 19. Meanwhile, a more serious rising had begun in Yorkshire, led by Robert Aske, a country gentleman and lawyer. Aske took York and by October 24 was supported by about 30,000 armed men and by magnates such as Edward Lee, archbishop of York, and Thomas Darcy, Baron Darcy of Templehurst. The government had insufficient troops in the area, but on October 27, at Doncaster Bridge, Thomas Howard, the 3rd duke of Norfolk, temporized with Aske, playing for time until adequate forces could be assembled. At a council at Pontefract on December 2, the rebels drew up their demands, similar to those of the Lincolnshire men but including a return of England to papal obedience and the summoning of a Parliament free from royal influence. To these Norfolk, on December 6, made vague promises and offered a full pardon, whereupon Aske naively assumed he had gained his objectives and persuaded his followers to disperse. Sporadic riots in January and February 1537 enabled the government to deal with the troubles piecemeal; about 220–250 men were executed, including Darcy and Aske. The pilgrimage achieved nothing and received no support from other parts of the country.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pilgrimage of Grace — • A religious rising in the north of England in 1536. Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Pilgrimage of Grace     Pilgrimage of Grace      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pilgrimage of Grace — Als Pilgrimage of Grace („Pilgerfahrt der Gnade“) wird eine Rebellion der Katholiken im Norden Englands unter der Führung des Juristen Robert Aske (1500–1537) im Oktober 1536 bezeichnet. Sie wuchs sich zur größten Krise während der Regierungszeit …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pilgrimage of Grace — The Pilgrimage of Grace was a popular rising in York, Yorkshire during 1536, in protest against England s break with Rome and the Dissolution of the Monasteries, as well as other specific political, social and economic grievances. Technically the …   Wikipedia

  • PILGRIMAGE OF GRACE —    a rising in the northern counties of England in 1536 against the policy of Cromwell, Henry VIII. s Chancellor, in regard to the temporalities of the Church, which, though concessions were made to it that led to its dispersion, broke out afresh …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Pilgrimage of Grace — noun a Catholic rising in northern England in 1536, directed against the Reformation. See Robert Aske …  

  • pilgrimage — /pil greuh mij/, n., v., pilgrimaged, pilgrimaging. n. 1. a journey, esp. a long one, made to some sacred place as an act of religious devotion: a pilgrimage to Lourdes. 2. Islam. a. the Pilgrimage, hajj. b. umrah. 3. any long journey, esp. one… …   Universalium

  • Grace O'Malley — Gráinne Ní Mháille c. 1530 – c. 1603 The meeting of Gráinne Ní Mháille and Queen Elizabeth I Nickname Gráinne Mhaol, Granuaile …   Wikipedia

  • Grace Church, Sheboygan — Infobox religious building building name=Grace Episcopal Church caption= location=Sheboygan, Wisconsin, USA latitude=43.7555 longitude= 87.711 religious affiliation= Episcopal, Anglican district=Diocese of Fond du Lac consecration year=… …   Wikipedia

  • Grace Cathedral, San Francisco — Anglican PortalGrace Cathedral is an Episcopal cathedral located on Nob Hill in San Francisco, California. It is the cathedral church of the Episcopal Diocese of California, once state wide in area, now comprising parts of the San Francisco Bay… …   Wikipedia

  • pilgrimage —    This word (from the Latin peregrinus, meaning foreigner ) refers to a journey undertaken by a pilgrim for spiritual reasons to a holy place or shrine; pilgrimages are often motivated by the desire to fulfill a vow or promise, to express… …   Glossary of theological terms

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”