Peale, Rembrandt

Peale, Rembrandt
born Feb. 22, 1778, Bucks county, Pennsylvania, U.S.
died Oct. 3, 1860, Philadelphia, Penn.

U.S. painter and writer.

A son of Charles Willson Peale, he studied with his father at the Royal Academy in London. In Paris 1808–10 he was offered the post of court painter to Napoleon I. His early portrait of Thomas Jefferson (1805) was his masterpiece. Following his father's example, he opened a museum and portrait gallery in Baltimore, where he established the first illuminating gasworks. When he resumed painting, he turned to formal subject pieces (e.g., The Court of Death, 1820) before returning to portraiture, continuing a series of portraits of George Washington.

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▪ American painter
born February 22, 1778, Bucks county, Pennsylvania, U.S.
died October 3, 1860, Philadelphia

      American painter, writer, and portraitist of prominent figures in Europe and the post-Revolutionary United States.

 One of the sons of Charles Willson Peale (Peale, Charles Willson), Rembrandt, along with his brother Raphaelle, inherited the mantle of Philadelphia's premier portrait painter after his father's retirement from the profession in 1794. While Raphaelle became better known for his elegant still-life compositions, Rembrandt carried on the family's reputation in portraiture. He studied in London with the American expatriate painter Benjamin West (West, Benjamin) and emulated his father's sculptural, Neoclassical style in works such as his portrait of Thomas Jefferson (1805), Peale's acknowledged masterpiece and the best existing portrait of Jefferson. Peale continued his training at the Royal Academy in London. Between 1808 and 1810 he lived in Paris, where his work was admired by Jacques-Louis David (David, Jacques-Louis), the leading Neoclassical artist of the day. Peale was offered the post of court painter to Napoleon.

      Apparently because of some unfavourable criticism, Peale ceased to paint for several years, and, following his father's example, in 1814 he opened a museum and portrait gallery in Baltimore, Maryland. Known as the Baltimore Museum, it was where Peale exhibited the first works to be illuminated by gaslight. He sold his museum in 1822; it is now known as the Peale Museum and is devoted to local history.

      When Peale resumed his painting he wanted to move beyond portraiture, so he turned to formal subject pieces. Peale culminated this phase of his painting with The Court of Death (1820), which he exhibited throughout the country. He promoted his portrait of George Washington (1823) with equal vigour, seeking to replace the popularly accepted likeness of Washington by Gilbert Stuart (Stuart, Gilbert) with his own work. He had painted Washington from life in 1795, and he later painted 76 replicas of this likeness. Peale's painting and writing—including Notes on Italy (1831) and Portfolio of an Artist (1839)—occupied him for the remainder of his life.

Additional Reading
Lillian B. Miller et al., In Pursuit of Frame: Rembrandt Peale, 1778–1860 (1991).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Peale, Rembrandt — (22 feb. 1778, Cond. de Bucks, Pensilvania, EE.UU.–3 oct. 1860, Filadelfia, Penn.). Pintor y escritor estadounidense. Hijo de Charles Willson Peale, estudió con su padre en la Royal Academy de Londres. En 1808–10, en París, se le ofreció el… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Peale — may refer to:People with the surname Peale : * Anna Claypoole Peale (1791 1878), American miniature painter, daughter of J. Peale * Charles Willson Peale (1741–1827), American painter, soldier and naturalist * James Peale (1749–1831), American… …   Wikipedia

  • Rembrandt Peale — Infobox Artist bgcolour = #6495ED name = Rembrandt Peale |thumb|150px|Rembrandt Peale, photographed by Mathew Brady] imagesize = 150 px caption = The oldest living American artist , A photograph of Rembrandt Peale taken by Matthew Brady birthname …   Wikipedia

  • Rembrandt Peale — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Peale et Rembrandt. Self Portrait Rembrandt Peale Rembrandt Peale est un peintre …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Peale — /peel/, n. 1. Charles Willson /wil seuhn/, 1741 1827, and his brother James, 1749 1831, U.S. painters. 2. Norman Vincent, born 1898, U.S. Protestant clergyman and author. 3. Raphaelle /raf ay el , ee el , ray fee /, 1774 1825, and his brother… …   Universalium

  • Peale — (as used in expressions) Peale, Charles Willson Peale, Norman Vincent Peale, Rembrandt …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Peale — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Anna Claypoole Peale (1791–1878), US amerikanische Malerin Charles Willson Peale (1741–1827), US amerikanischer Porträt und Landschaftsmaler James Peale (1749–1831), US amerikanischer Maler Norman Vincent… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rembrandt (disambiguation) — Rembrandt (1606 1669) was a renowned Dutch painter. The name may be also refer to:In film and television: * Rembrandt (film) a 1936 film about the painter, starring Charles Laughton * Stealing Rembrandt , a Danish film whose Danish title is… …   Wikipedia

  • Rembrandt (Vorname) — Rembrandt ist ein männlicher Vorname. Herkunft und Bedeutung Der Name Rembrandt stammt aus dem althochdeutschen und ist aus den Elementen ragin „Rat“ und brant „Schwert“ gebildet. Varianten Rembrand, Rembrant. Namensträger Rembrandt van Rijn… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Peale —   [piːl], amerikanische Malerfamilie. Bedeutende Vertreter:    1) Charles Wilson, * Saint Paul s Parish (Maryland) 15. 4. 1741, ✝ Philadelphia (Pa.) 22. 2. 1827, Vater von 3) und 4), Bruder von 2); studierte u. a. bei B. West in London (1767 69) …   Universal-Lexikon

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