Pavese, Cesare

Pavese, Cesare
born Sept. 9, 1908, Santo Stefano Belbo, Italy
died Aug. 27, 1950, Turin

Italian poet, critic, novelist, and translator.

Pavese founded, and was long an editor with, the publishing house of Einaudi. Denied a creative outlet by fascist control of literature, he did translations in the 1930s and '40s that introduced many modern U.S. and English writers to Italy. Much of his own work appeared between the end of World War II and his death by suicide at age 41; some was published posthumously. His best works include Dialogues with Leucò (1947), poetic conversations on the human condition; the novel The Moon and the Bonfire (1950); and the journal This Business of Living (1952).

* * *

▪ Italian author

born Sept. 9, 1908, Santo Stefano Belbo, Italy
died Aug. 27, 1950, Turin

      Italian poet, critic, novelist, and translator, who introduced many modern U.S. and English writers to Italy.

      Born in a small town in which his father, an official, owned property, he moved with his family to Turin, where he attended high school and the university. Denied an outlet for his creative powers by Fascist control of literature, Pavese translated many 20th-century U.S. writers in the 1930s and '40s: Sherwood Anderson, Gertrude Stein, John Steinbeck, John Dos Passos, Ernest Hemingway, and William Faulkner; a 19th-century writer who influenced him profoundly, Herman Melville (one of his first translations was of Moby Dick); and the Irish novelist James Joyce. He also published criticism, posthumously collected in La letteratura americana e altri saggi (1951; American Literature, Essays and Opinions, 1970). His work probably did more to foster the reading and appreciation of U.S. writers in Italy than that of any other single man.

      A founder and, until his death, an editor of the publishing house of Einaudi, Pavese also edited the anti-Fascist review La Cultura. His work led to his arrest and imprisonment by the government in 1935, an experience later recalled in “Il carcere” (published in Prima che il gallo canti, 1949; in The Political Prisoner, 1955) and the novella Il compagno (1947; The Comrade, 1959). His first volume of lyric poetry, Lavorare stanca (1936; Hard Labor, 1976), followed his release from prison. An initial novella, Paesi tuoi (1941; The Harvesters, 1961), recalled, as many of his works do, the sacred places of childhood. Between 1943 and 1945 he lived with partisans of the anti-Fascist Resistance in the hills of Piedmont.

      The bulk of Pavese's work, mostly short stories and novellas, appeared between the end of the war and his death. Partly through the influence of Melville, Pavese became preoccupied with myth, symbol, and archetype. One of his most striking books is Dialoghi con Leucò (1947; Dialogues with Leucò, 1965), poetically written conversations about the human condition. The novel considered his best, La luna e i falò (1950; The Moon and the Bonfires, 1950), is a bleak, yet compassionate story of a hero who tries to find himself by visiting the place in which he grew up. Several other works are notable, especially La bella estate (1949; in The Political Prisoner, 1955). Shortly after receiving the Strega Prize for it, Pavese committed suicide in a hotel room.

      A Pavese Prize for literature was established in 1957, and some of Pavese's most significant work was published after his death, notably a volume of love lyrics that is thought to contain his best poetry, Verrà la morte e avrà i tuoi occhi (1951; “Death Will Stare at Me out of Your Eyes”); the story collection Notte di festa (1953; Festival Night and Other Stories, 1964); and the striking chronicle of his inner life, Il mestiere de vivere, diario 1935–1950 (1952; London, This Business of Living, New York, The Burning Brand: Diaries 1935–1950, both 1961).

      Many collections of Pavese's work have appeared, including Racconti (1960; Told in Confidence and Other Stories, 1971), a collection of much of his best fiction; Poesie edite e inedite (1962), edited by Italo Calvino; and Lettere (1966), which covers the period from 1924 to 1950. A poetry collection in English, A Mania for Solitude, Selected Poems 1930–1950, was published in 1969.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pavese, Cesare — (1908–1950)    One of the leading novelists associated with neorealism, Cesare Pavese was born in Cuneo (Piedmont). He took his degree in literature in 1930 and worked as a teacher of English while publishing critical essays on modern American… …   Historical Dictionary of modern Italy

  • Pavese, Cesare — ► (1908 50) Escritor italiano. La timidez, los desengaños amorosos y las sucesivas crisis de orden religioso y político le llevaron a un gradual aislamiento que culminó en el suicidio. El conjunto de su obra presenta una unidad a la vez estética… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Pavese, Cesare — (Santo Stefano Belbo, Cuneo 1908 Torino 1950) scrittore, poeta e traduttore ; direttore di “Cultura”. collab./opere: “Solaria”, “La Lettura” …   Dizionario biografico elementare del Novecento letterario italiano

  • Pavese — Pavese, Cesare …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Cesare Pavese — Cesare Pavese, il poeta Born 9 September 1908(1908 09 09) Santo Stefano Belbo Died 27 August 1950(1950 08 27) (aged 41) …   Wikipedia

  • Cesare Pavese — Nacimiento 9 de septiembre de 1908 Santo Stefano Belbo (Cuneo) Defunción 27 de a …   Wikipedia Español

  • Cesare Pavese — Activités écrivain Naissance 9 septembre 1908 Santo Stefano Belbo …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pavese — Pavese,   Cesare, italienischer Schriftsteller, * Santo Stefano Belbo (Provinz Cuneo) 9. 9. 1908, ✝ (Selbstmord) Turin 27. 8. 1950; lebte meist in Turin, wo er nach dem Studium als Kritiker, Herausgeber einer Zeitschrift und als Verlagslektor… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Pavese — (Cesare) (1908 1950) écrivain italien: le Bel été (1945), Avant le chant du coq (1949). Il a écrit aussi des poèmes, des essais et un Journal …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Cesare — (as used in expressions) Beccaria Cesare Borgia Cesare Pavese Cesare * * * …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”