Nono, Luigi

Nono, Luigi
born Jan. 29, 1924, Venice, Italy
died May 8, 1990, Venice

Italian composer.

A law student, he also studied music with Gian Francesco Malipiero (1882–1973), Bruno Maderna (1920–73), and Hermann Scherchen (1891–1966). He came to public attention in 1950 with his work Variazioni Canoniche, orchestral variations on a 12-tone theme of Arnold Schoenberg, whose daughter Nuria he married in 1955. An avowed communist, Nono often produced works of political substance, many of which sparked controversy and reaction. He employed aleatory (chance) techniques and serialism, sometimes fragmenting language and using electronically manipulated sounds. His best-known work is the opera Intolleranza (1961).

* * *

▪ Italian composer
born Jan. 29, 1924, Venice, Italy
died May 8, 1990, Venice
 leading Italian composer of electronic (electronic music), aleatory (aleatory music), and serial (serialism) music.

      Nono began his musical studies in 1941 at the Venice Conservatory. He then studied law at the University of Padua, receiving a doctorate there, while at the same time studying with the prominent avant-garde composer Bruno Maderna (Maderna, Bruno) and the noted conductor Hermann Scherchen (Scherchen, Hermann). He came to public attention in 1950 with his work Variazioni Canoniche, orchestral variations on a 12-tone theme of Arnold Schoenberg (Schoenberg, Arnold), whose daughter Nuria he married in 1955. He continued to explore avant-garde techniques and lectured widely in Europe and the United States. He also taught at the New Music Summer School at the Kranichsteiner Music Institute in Darmstadt, Ger..

      Nono's music is distinguished by its clarity of form. Polyphony (simultaneous melodic lines), monophony (melody without harmony), and rhythm are explored in a straightforward manner in his Polifonica-monodia-ritmica for seven instruments (1951). The Suspended Song (1955–56), a serial setting for voices, chorus, and orchestra of letters written by victims of Nazism, passes its melody among the instruments and voices with each performer rarely playing more than a single note at a time. Nono also adopted this technique of fragmentation in several works involving voices and percussion. Per Bastiana Tai-yang Cheng (1967), based on a Chinese folk song and celebrating the birth of the Nonos' daughter, is somewhat aleatoric and calls for three instrumental groups playing in quarter tones and for magnetic tape.

      An avowed Communist, Nono often produced works of political substance, many of which sparked controversy and reaction. When his opera Intolleranza 1960, which Nono referred to as a “mural,” premiered in Venice in 1961, the performance was stormed by neofascists, causing a riot with the communists. The work attacked fascism, the atom bomb, and segregation and ended in a symbolic fashion in which the world is flooded and destroyed. The opera was later revised as Intolleranza 1970.

      La Scala in Milan commissioned a new opera from Nono in the early 1970s. Al Gran Sole Carico d'Amore (1972–75; “In the Great Sun of Blooming Love”) took its title from a poem by Arthur Rimbaud (Rimbaud, Arthur), “Les Mains de Jeanne-Marie,” and is about the Paris Commune of 1871. Its theme was devoted to the class struggle, with no conventional plot or characters, and showed the influence of Arnold Schoenberg's pre-World War I Expressionism. The opera did not, however, premier at La Scala but at Teatro Lirico. La Scala produced a revised version in 1978.

      Nono was greatly inspired by the Spanish poet Federico García Lorca (García Lorca, Federico) and wrote Der Rote Mantel (1954; “The Red Overcoat”) based on one of his poems. His Epitaffio per Federico García Lorca (1952) was hailed as a major work and is a set of three pieces in memory of Lorca. Other politically inspired works include the dramatic cantata Sul ponte di Hiroshima (1962; “On the Bridge of Hiroshima”), dealing with the implications of nuclear warfare; Ein Gespenst geht um in der Welt (1971; “A Spirit Haunts the World”), a setting for voice and orchestra of The Communist Manifesto; and Canto per il Vietnam (1973; “A Song for Vietnam”). A longtime member of the Italian Communist Party, Nono was elected to its Central Committee in 1975 and remained a member until his death. His later works include A Pierre: Dell'azzurro silenzio, inquietum for bass flute, contrabass clarinet, and live electronics (1985) and No hay caminos, hay que caminar, a tribute to the director Andrey Tarkovsky, for orchestra (1987).

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nono, Luigi — (29 ene. 1924, Venecia, Italia–8 may. 1990, Venecia). Compositor italiano. Al tiempo que era estudiante de derecho, también estudió música con Gian Francesco Malipiero (n. 1882–m. 1973), Bruno Maderna (n. 1920–m. 1973) y Hermann Scherchen (n.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Luigi Nono (compositeur) — Luigi Nono Luigi Nono (29 janvier 1924 8 mai 1990, Venise, Italie) était un compositeur italien de musique contemporaine. Maison natale de Luigi Nono – Zaterre …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Luigi — es el hermano menor de Mario en los videojuegos de Nintendo. Primero apareció en Super Mario Bros. como segundo jugador, papel que continuó desempeñando en Super Mario Bros. 2, Super Mario Bros. 3 y Super Mario World (entre otros) para… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Nono — Nono,   Luigi, italienischer Komponist, * Venedig 29. 1. 1924, ✝ ebenda 8. 5. 1990; Schüler von G. F. Malipiero und B. Maderna; lebte freischaffend in seiner Heimatstadt. Von A. Webern ausgehend, ist Nono nach 1950 durch serielle… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • nono — (Luigi) (1924 1990) compositeur italien. Son oeuvre dodécaphonique reflète son engagement marxiste: Intolleranza 1960 (opéra, 1960 1961). nono n. m. (Polynésie fr.) Simulie dont la piqûre peut transmettre la dengue. Nono blanc. (V. fourou.) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Luigi Nono — Zattere al ponte Longo – Dorsoduro, the house in Venice where Luigi Nono was born. Luigi Nono (Italian pronunciation: [luˈiːdʒi ˈnɔːno]; January 29, 1924 – May 8, 1990) was an Italian avant garde composer of classical music and remains one… …   Wikipedia

  • Luigi — (as used in expressions) Boccherini Luigi Rodolfo Cherubini Luigi Carlo Zanobi Salvadore Maria Dallapiccola Luigi Einaudi Luigi Galvani Luigi Nervi Pier Luigi Nono Luigi Pirandello Luigi Sturzo Luigi * * * …   Universalium

  • Luigi Nono — (Venecia, 29 de enero de 1924 Venecia, 8 de mayo de 1990) fue un compositor italiano de música contemporánea. Sus obras más conocidas son Il canto sospeso (con lectura de cartas de partisanos condenados a muerte en la lucha contra el fascismo),… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Luigi Nono — Maison natale de Luigi Nono à Venise, Dorsoduro, Zattere al ponte Lungo Naissance 29 janvier  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Luigi nono (homonymie) —  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différentes personnes partageant un même nom. Luigi Nono concerne 2 personnes : Luigi Nono, peintre, 1850 1915 Luigi Nono, compositeur, 1924 1990, petit fils du précédent …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”