Nicholas of Verdun

Nicholas of Verdun
flourished с 1150–1210, Flanders

French enamelist and goldsmith, considered the greatest of his day.

He was an important figure during the transition from late Romanesque to early Gothic style. His best-known work is the altarpiece of the Abbey Church of Klosterneuburg, Austria (1181), which reveals his mastery of metalworking and the technique of champlevé enameling, in which compartments hollowed out from a metal base are filled with vitreous enamel. The altar is the most ambitious of its kind in the 12th century.

* * *

▪ Flemish enamelist

flourished c. 1150–1210, Flanders

      the greatest enamelist (enamelwork) and goldsmith of his day and an important figure in the transition from late Romanesque to early Gothic style. He was an itinerant craftsman who travelled to the site of his commission; therefore most of what is known of his life is inferred from his works.

      The altarpiece (1181) of the Abbey Church of Klosterneuburg, Austria, is his best known work and reveals his absolute mastery of metalworking and the technique of champlevé enamelling, in which compartments hollowed out from a metal base are filled with vitreous enamel. The program of scenes on the altar is the most ambitious of its kind in the 12th century and is often considered the most important surviving medieval enamel work. The earlier scenes are done in a mature Romanesque style, but later scenes become progressively more bold and classical.

      The reliquary (1205) of SS. Piatus and Nicasius in the Cathedral of Tournai, Belgium, subordinates enamel work to beaten metalwork. Though much-damaged by restoration, it remains a masterful work of early Gothic sculpture, with its slender figures and supple drapery.

      The Shrine of the Three Kings in the treasury of Cologne Cathedral is the most important of the Cologne reliquaries attributed to Nicholas. Much of the reliquary is the work of assistants, but the general design and the figures of the prophets are by Nicholas. Powerful and expressive, the prophets have been called the most important metal sculptures of the late 12th century. Two reliquaries attributed to Nicholas, the shrines of St. Anne in Siegburg and of St. Albanus in Saint-Pantaleon, Cologne, have suffered so much by restoration that they no longer reveal the hand of Nicholas except in the overall design.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nicholas of Verdun — Shrine of the Three Kings at Cologne Cathedral …   Wikipedia

  • Verdun — /ver dun , verr /; Fr. /verdd dueonn /, n. 1. a fortress city in NE France, on the Meuse River. A German offensive was stopped here in 1916 in the bloodiest fighting of World War I. 26,927. 2. a city in S Quebec, in SE Canada. 68,013. * * * (as… …   Universalium

  • Nicholas — /nik euh leuhs, nik leuhs/, n. 1. of Cusa /kyooh zeuh/, 1401 1464, German cardinal, mathematician, and philosopher. German, Nikolaus von Cusa. 2. Grand Duke, 1856 1929, Russian general in World War I. 3. Saint, fl. 4th century A.D., bishop in… …   Universalium

  • Nicholas Psaume —     Nicholas Psaume     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Nicholas Psaume     (also PSAULME, PREAUME, Lat. PSALMÆUS)     Bishop of Verdun, born at Chaumont sur Aire in 1518; died 10 August, 1575. Having studied classics at the Norbertine Abbey of St.… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Nicholas, Duke of Mercoeur — Nicholas of Lorraine Mercoeur, Duke of Mercoeur (Bar le Duc, October 16, 1524 ndash; January 23, 1577) was the second son of Antoine, Duke of Lorraine and Renée of Bourbon Montpensier.He was originally destined for an ecclesiastical career, being …   Wikipedia

  • Nicholas of Autrecourt — (in French Nicholas d Autrécourt; in Latin Nicolaus de Autricuria or Nicolaus de Ultricuria; ca. 1299, Autrecourt – 16 or 17 July 1369, Metz) was a French medieval philosopher and Scholastic theologian. Born in Autrecourt, near Verdun, he was… …   Wikipedia

  • Nicholas Of Autrecourt — ▪ French philosopher and theologian French  Nicolas D autrecourt   born c. 1300, , Autrecourt, near Verdun, Fr. died after 1350, , Metz, Lorrain       French philosopher and theologian known principally for developing medieval Skepticism to its… …   Universalium

  • Verdun — Recorded as Vardon, Varden, Verden, Verdon, Verduin, Verdun, and possibly others, this surname can be described as usually English, but wherever recorded, is ultimately of pre medieval French origins. It is locational from either the ancient city …   Surnames reference

  • Nicolás de Verdún — Escultura de Nicolás de Verdún (izquierda) en una de las torres de la Catedral de Colonia Nicolás de Verdún (¿Lorena? hacia 1130 1205) era un orfebre, esmaltador y escultor francés, uno de los más famosos de la …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bertram de Verdun — Bertram I de Verdun was a knight of William the Conqueror at the Battle of Hastings (1066).The Verdun family lived in Normandy where they were minor land holders, and after the Norman conquest in England they were granted land in England. Others… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”