- New York City Ballet
Preeminent U.S. ballet company.The company is descended from the American Ballet, which was founded by George Balanchine and Lincoln Kirstein in 1935 and revived as the Ballet Society in 1946; it assumed its current name in 1948. Under Balanchine's artistic direction, the company became the leading U.S. ballet troupe, combining European classical ballet with American characterization and innovation and exerting enormous influence on American dance. It moved to its permanent home, the New York State Theater at Lincoln Center, in 1964. Later artistic directors Jerome Robbins and Peter Martins contributed numerous works to its repertoire. Its leading dancers have included Maria Tallchief, Edward Villella, Jacques d'Amboise, and Suzanne Farrell.
* * *▪ American ballet companyresident ballet company of the New York State Theatre at the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts. The company, first named Ballet Society, was founded in 1946 by the choreographer George Balanchine (Balanchine, George) (artistic director) and Lincoln Kirstein (general director) as a private subscription organization to promote lyric theatre. It is a descendant of the American Ballet company. In 1948 Ballet Society gave its first public performance at the Center Theater of the New York City Center of Music and Drama and changed the company's name to the New York City Ballet. From 1950 its prestige grew with foreign tours. It was moved to its present home in 1964. The company performs during summer sessions at the Saratoga Performing Arts Center in Saratoga, N.Y.In addition to ballets choreographed by Balanchine, the company performed works by the choreographers Jerome Robbins (Robbins, Jerome) (ballet master 1969–90), William Dollar, Todd Bolender, Francisco Moncion, Lew Christensen, and Sir Frederick Ashton. Its principal dancers have included Maria Tallchief, Tanaquil LeClercq, Melissa Hayden, Patricia Wilde, Violette Verdy, Suzanne Farrell, Gelsey Kirkland, Patricia McBride, Helene Alexopoulos, André Eglevsky, Jacques d'Amboise, Edward Villella, and Peter Martins.After the death of Balanchine in 1983, Robbins and Peter Martins shared the responsibilities of ballet master. Robbins retired in 1990, and Martins continued in his charge.
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