Nara period

Nara period
(710–784) Period of Japanese history during which the emperor resided in Nara.

The capital city was modeled on the capital of Tang-dynasty China, Chang'an, from whom the Japanese borrowed extensively in this period. Buddhism, which had entered Japan a little more than a century earlier, rose in popularity, and many temples and statues were commissioned. The Chinese writing system was introduced and modified by the Japanese (see Japanese writing system), allowing two official histories and the earliest Japanese poetry collections to be produced. The Taihō Code, adopted officially in 701, was based on Chinese law, and the Chinese equal-field system of land distribution, though no longer rigorously enforced, continued to remain in effect. The imperial state extended its frontiers to include southern Kyushu and northern Honshu.

* * *

▪ Japanese history
      (AD 710–784), in Japanese history, period in which the imperial government was at Nara, and Sinicization and Buddhism were most highly developed. Nara, the country's first permanent capital, was modeled on the Chinese T'ang dynasty (Tang dynasty) (618–907) capital, Ch'ang-an. Nara artisans produced refined Buddhist sculpture and erected grand Buddhist temples. A network of roads connected the capital with remote provinces.

      Chinese language and literature were studied intensively; the Chinese characters were adapted to the Japanese language; and numerous Chinese manuscripts, particularly Buddhist scriptures, were copied. Two official histories, the Koji-ki and Nihon shoki, were compiled. The Kaifūsō, a collection of Chinese poems by Japanese poets, and the Manyō-shū, an anthology of native poetry, were produced.

      Legal codes based on Chinese models were compiled to replace the less-structured native tradition of legal process. Although the codification of law was probably begun earlier, the Taihō code (701) completed previous efforts. With the adoption of the imperial title tennō, translated from the Chinese t'ien-huang, or “heavenly emperor,” the Chinese concept of the emperor as the supreme symbol of central government rule was incorporated into the native Japanese interpretation of the emperor as also the leading Shintō cult figure. Like its T'ang Chinese prototype, the Japanese central government consisted of a Council of State (Dajōkan) and ministries of Rites, Personnel, Public Works, War, Justice, and Revenue. An Office of Deities (Jingikan) supervised Shintō official ceremonies. The imperial state extended its frontiers to include southern Kyushu during the 8th century and conquered the Ezo (Emishi) people in northern Honshu following a series of campaigns (late 8th–early 9th century).

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nara period — History of Japan Shōsōin Paleolithic 35,000–14,000 BC Jōmon period 14,000–300 BC Yayoi period 300 BC–250 AD Kofun period 250–538 Asuka period …   Wikipedia

  • Nara period — (710–794)    The Nara period is a relatively short period of Japanese history in which Chinese culture remained influential while, at the same time, Japan began to advance its own unique cultural identity. Empress Gemmei established the capital… …   Encyclopedia of medieval literature

  • Nara period — (710 794)    A period during which the imperial capital was at Nara. This period, dominated by Buddhist and Chinese thought, saw the compilation of the Kojiki and Nihongi which fixed the mythological ancestry of the leading clans of Japan, and… …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Nara period — n. era in the history of Japan from 710 to 784 A.D …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Nara Prefecture — Japanese transcription(s)  – Japanese 奈良県  – Rōmaji Nara ken …   Wikipedia

  • Nara, Nara — Nara 奈良   Core city   奈良市 · Nara City From top left …   Wikipedia

  • Nara — can refer to: Geography Nara, Attock, a village in Attock, Pakistan Nara, Jhelum, a village in Jhelum, Pakistan Nara, NWFP, Union Council of Abbottabad, Pakistan Nara, Nara, capital city of Nara Prefecture, Japan Nara Prefecture, a prefecture of… …   Wikipedia

  • Nara —    A period in Japanese art history from 710 794. The Nara period was preceded by the Hakuho period (sometimes called the Early Nara period) from 645 710, and followed by the Heian period from 794 1185 …   Glossary of Art Terms

  • period — /pear ee euhd/, n. 1. a rather large interval of time that is meaningful in the life of a person, in history, etc., because of its particular characteristics: a period of illness; a period of great profitability for a company; a period of social… …   Universalium

  • Nara National Museum — 奈良国立博物館 Original Museum Building Established 1889 Location …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”