Morisot, Berthe

Morisot, Berthe
born Jan. 14, 1841, Bourges, France
died March 2, 1895, Paris

French painter and printmaker.

Granddaughter of Jean-Honoré Fragonard, she studied with Camille Corot, but the major influence over her work was Édouard Manet, whose brother she later married. She exhibited regularly with the Impressionists. None of her exhibits proved commercially successful, but she outsold Claude Monet, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, and Alfred Sisley. Her colouring was delicate and subtle, often with a subdued emerald glow, and her subjects were often members of her family. She is best known for her extremely loose brushwork and for the sensitivity she brought to her female subjects.

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▪ French painter
born Jan. 14, 1841, Bourges, Fr.
died March 2, 1895, Paris

      French painter and printmaker who exhibited regularly with the Impressionists and, despite the protests of friends and family, continued to participate in their struggle for recognition.

      The daughter of a high government official (and a granddaughter of the important Rococo painter Jean-Honoré Fragonard), Morisot decided early to be an artist and pursued her goal with seriousness and dedication. From 1862 to 1868 she worked under the guidance of Camille Corot. She first exhibited paintings at the Salon in 1864. Her work was exhibited there regularly through 1874, when she vowed never to show her paintings in the officially sanctioned forum again. In 1868 she met Édouard Manet (Manet, Édouard), who was to exert a tremendous influence over her work. He did several portraits of her (e.g., “Repose,” c. 1870). Manet had a liberating effect on her work, and she in turn aroused his interest in outdoor painting.

      Morisot's work never lost its Manet-like quality—an insistence on design—nor did she become as involved in colour-optical experimentation as her fellow Impressionists. Her paintings frequently included members of her family, particularly her sister, Edma (e.g., “The Artist's Sister, Mme Pontillon, Seated on the Grass,” 1873; and “The Artist's Sister Edma and Their Mother,” 1870). Delicate and subtle, exquisite in colour—often with a subdued emerald glow—they won her the admiration of her Impressionist colleagues. Like that of the other Impressionists, her work was ridiculed by many critics. Never commercially successful during her lifetime, she nevertheless outsold Claude Monet, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, and Alfred Sisley. She was a woman of great culture and charm and counted among her close friends Stéphane Mallarmé, Edgar Degas, Charles Baudelaire, Émile Zola, Emmanuel Chabrier, Renoir, and Monet. She married Édouard Manet's younger brother Eugène.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Morisot, Berthe — (1841 1895)    painter    Born in Bourges, Berthe Morisot, an early and important impressionist, studied at the Lyonnais Guichard and, from 1862 to 1868, with camille corot. She met Edouard manet in 1862 and became interested in painting out of… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Morisot,Berthe — Mo·ri·sot (mô rē zōʹ), Berthe. 1841 1895. French impressionist painter noted for her canvases featuring domestic scenes. * * * …   Universalium

  • Morisot, Berthe — ► (1841 95) Pintora francesa, cuñada de Édouard Manet. Influida por el impresionismo, se distinguió por sus paisajes y retratos femeninos. * * * (14 ene. 1841, Burgos, Francia–2 mar. 1895, París). Pintora y grabadora francesa. Nieta de Jean… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Morisot, Berthe Marie Pauline — (1/14/1841 Bourges 1895) (France)    Painter, engraver, and lithographer. Studied under J. Guichard and Corot. One of the most important female Impressionists. Her Apollo visiting Leto is considered by some sources an early (maybe earliest)… …   Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators

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  • MORISOT (B.) — MORISOT BERTHE (1841 1895) Qui pourrait croire, à regarder la peinture lumineuse de Berthe Morisot, que cette femme a souvent éprouvé au fond d’elle même une grande mélancolie? Elle a célébré tous les instants de bonheur parce qu’elle en… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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