Morgan, Daniel

Morgan, Daniel
born 1736, Hunterdon county, N.J.
died July 6, 1802, Winchester, Va., U.S.

American Revolutionary army officer.

He was commissioned a captain of the Virginia riflemen and fought under Benedict Arnold in the unsuccessful assault on Quebec (1775). In 1777 he joined Gen. Horatio Gates in the Battle of Saratoga. In 1780 he was made brigadier general and fought in the South, defeating a large British force at Cowpens, S.C. In 1794 he led Virginia militiamen to help suppress the Whiskey Rebellion.

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▪ United States general
born 1736, Hunterdon county, New Jersey [U.S.]
died July 6, 1802, Winchester, Virginia, U.S.

      general in the American Revolution (1775–83) who won an important victory against the British at the Battle of Cowpens (Cowpens, Battle of) (January 17, 1781).

      After moving to Virginia in 1753, Morgan was commissioned a captain of Virginia riflemen at the outbreak of the Revolution. During the following winter, he accompanied General Benedict Arnold (Arnold, Benedict) to Canada, and in the assault on Quebec (December 31) he and his riflemen penetrated well into the city, where he was hemmed in and forced to surrender. Late in 1776 he was released, and in September 1777 he joined General Horatio Gates (Gates, Horatio) and took part in both Battles of Saratoga (Saratoga, Battles of) (New York) that fall.

      Partly because of ill health, Morgan resigned from the army in 1779, but after the disastrous American defeat at the Battle of Camden (Camden, Battle of), South Carolina (1780), he agreed to join Gates at Hillsborough, North Carolina, where he took command of a corps and was made brigadier general. Aiming at slowing Lord Cornwallis (Cornwallis, Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess and 2nd Earl, Viscount Brome, Baron Cornwallis of Eye)'s advance in the South, Morgan gradually retired northward and then turned suddenly to confront the British troops at Cowpens (Cowpens, Battle of), where he won a brilliant and unexpected victory over a larger force under Colonel Banastre Tarleton.

      In 1794 Morgan led Virginia militiamen into western Pennsylvania to help suppress the Whiskey Rebellion. He was a Federalist representative in Congress from 1797 to 1799.

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Universalium. 2010.

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