Meiji period

Meiji period
(1868–1912) Period in Japanese history beginning with the enthronment of the Meiji emperor and ending with his death.

It was a time of rapid modernization and westernization. Feudal domains were abolished and replaced with prefectures; daimyo and samurai were relieved of their special privileges. Not all samurai were happy with the changes, and there were numerous rebellions, notably that of Saigō Takamori. To secure a strong central government, a national army was formed and universal conscription was enacted. A new agricultural tax was instituted to finance the new government, and a decimal currency was introduced. Eager to encourage economic growth, the government aided the textile industry, established railways and shipping lines, and founded an ironworks. Education was also reformed, and compulsory coeducational elementary schools were introduced. By 1912 the goals of the reforming movement called the Meiji Restoration had been largely accomplished: the unequal treaties with Western powers had been revised, the country was developing well economically, and its military power had won the respect of the West. See also Charter Oath; Meiji Constitution.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Meiji period — History of Japan Meiji Constitution promulgation Paleolithic 35,000–14,000 BC Jōmon period 14,000–300 BC Yayoi period 300 BC–250 AD Kofun period 250–538 …   Wikipedia

  • Meiji period — noun The 45 year reign of Emperor Meiji (1868 1912). During this time, Japan started its modernization and rose to world power status …   Wiktionary

  • Meiji period — n. era in the history of Japan from 1868 to 1912 which was the period of rule of emperor Mutsuhito …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Meiji Mura — in Inuyama preserves the main lobby of the old Frank Lloyd Wright designed Imperial Hotel Meiji Mura (博物館明治村, Hakubutsukan Meiji mura …   Wikipedia

  • Meiji — (Japanese: 明 bright, brilliant 治 reign, government ) may refer to: Meiji Restoration, the revolution that ushered in the Meiji period Meiji period the period in Japanese history when the Meiji Emperor reigned Emperor Meiji of Japan Mutsuhito, the …   Wikipedia

  • Meiji Restoration — n. revolution in Japanese life and government that occurred after the accession of Emperor Mutsuhito (1867), characterized by the downfall of the shogun and feudalism and the creation of a modern state * * * Overthrow of Japan s Tokugawa… …   Universalium

  • Meiji — period of rule of emperor Mutsuhito (1868 1912), which was marked by modernization and Westernization, 1873, from Japanese, lit. enlightened government …   Etymology dictionary

  • Meiji Restoration — History of Japan The Meiji Emperor, moving from Kyoto to Tokyo, end of 1868. Paleolithic 35,000–14,000 BC Jōmon period 14,000–300 BC Yayoi period 300 BC–250 AD Kofun period …   Wikipedia

  • Meiji Constitution — Japan This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Japan …   Wikipedia

  • Meiji —    The reign period from 1868 1912 during which the Meiji emperor (Meiji tenno) was enthroned. It marked Japan s transformation from the feudal society of the Tokugawa period to a modern industrial state. It was a new era of direct imperial rule …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”