Mackintosh, Charles Rennie

Mackintosh, Charles Rennie
born June 7, 1868, Glasgow, Scot.
died Dec. 10, 1928, London, Eng.

Scottish architect, furniture designer, and artist.

A giant of the Arts and Crafts Movement, he is especially revered for his glass-and-stone studio building at the Glasgow School of Art (1896–1909), where he had attended classes. In the 1890s he achieved an international reputation creating unorthodox posters, craftwork, and furniture. Considered Britain's first designer of true Art Nouveau architecture, he produced work of an unrivaled lightness, elegance, and originality, as exemplified by four remarkable tearooms he designed in Glasgow (1896–1904). By 1914 he was dedicating all his energies to watercolour painting. The late 20th century saw a revival of interest in his work and the manufacture of reproductions of his chairs and settees, which were characterized by starkly simple geometric lines.

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▪ Scottish architect and designer
born June 7, 1868, Glasgow
died Dec. 10, 1928, London

      Scottish architect and designer who was prominent in the Arts and Crafts Movement in Great Britain.

      He was apprenticed to a local architect, John Hutchinson, and attended evening classes at the Glasgow School of Art. In 1889 he joined the firm of Honeyman and Keppie, becoming a partner in 1904.

      In collaboration with three other students, one of whom, Margaret Macdonald, became his wife in 1900, Mackintosh achieved an international reputation in the 1890s as a designer of unorthodox posters, craftwork, and furniture. In contrast to contemporary fashion his work was light, elegant, and original, as exemplified by four remarkable tearooms he designed in Glasgow (1896–1904) and other domestic interiors of the early 1900s.

      Mackintosh's chief architectural projects were the Glasgow School of Art (1896–1909), considered the first original example of Art Nouveau architecture in Great Britain; two unrealized projects—the 1901 International exhibition, Glasgow (1898), and “Haus eines Kunstfreundes” (1901); Windyhill, Kilmacolm (1899–1901), and Hill House, Helensburgh (1902); the Willow Tea Rooms, Glasgow (1904); and Scotland Street School (1904–06). Although all have some traditional characteristics, they reveal a mind of exceptional inventiveness and aesthetic perception. By 1914 he had virtually ceased to practice and thereafter devoted himself to watercolour painting.

      Although Mackintosh was nearly forgotten for several decades, the late 20th century saw a revival of interest in his work. The stark simplicity of his furniture designs, in particular, appealed to contemporary taste, and reproductions of Mackintosh chairs and settees began to be manufactured. The Mackintosh House in Glasgow was reconstructed and opened to the public as a museum in the late 1970s.

Additional Reading
Thomas Howarth, Charles Rennie Mackintosh and the Modern Movement (1952; 2nd ed., 1977), is the standard work on the architecture, well supplemented by Roger Billcliffe, Charles Rennie Mackintosh: The Complete Furniture, Furniture Drawings, and Interior Designs (1979).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • MACKINTOSH, Charles Rennie — (1868 1928)    One of the leaders of the Arts and Crafts Movement, Charles Rennie Mackintosh was instrumental in introducing modernism into Scotland. After attending the Glasgow School of Art in the 1880s, Mackintosh won a scholarship in 1890 to… …   Historical Dictionary of Architecture

  • Mackintosh,Charles Rennie — Mack·in·tosh (măkʹĭn tŏsh ), Charles Rennie. 1868 1928. Scottish architect whose influential art nouveau designs emphasized elegant, clearly articulated, and rational forms. * * * …   Universalium

  • Mackintosh, Charles Rennie — ► (1868 1928) Arquitecto escocés. Principal exponente del modernismo en Gran Bretaña. Autor de la escuela de arte de Glasgow. * * * (7 jun. 1868, Glasgow, Escocia–10 dic. 1928, Londres, Inglaterra). Arquitecto, diseñador de muebles y artista… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Charles Rennie Mackintosh — Charles Mackintosh redirects here. For the chemist and inventor, see Charles Macintosh. Charles Rennie Mackintosh Charles Rennie Mackintosh (7 June 1868 – 10 December 1928) was a Scottish architect, designer, watercolourist and artist. He was a… …   Wikipedia

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  • Charles Rennie Mackintosh — (* 7. Juni 1868 in Glasgow; † 10. Dezember 1928 in London) war ein schottischer Architekt, Innenarchitekt, Kunsthandwerker, Designer, Grafiker und Maler. Zusammen mit seiner …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Charles Rennie Mackintosh — [Charles Rennie Mackintosh] (1868–1928) a Scottish ↑architect and ↑designer who produced buildings, furniture and decorative objects in the ↑art nouveau style. His best known building is the Glasgow School of Art ( …   Useful english dictionary

  • Charles Rennie Mackintosh — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mackintosh. Charles Rennie Mackintosh vers 1900 Charles Rennie Mackintosh est né le 7 juin …   Wikipédia en Français

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