Lysenko, Trofim (Denisovich)

Lysenko, Trofim (Denisovich)
born 1898, Karlovka, Ukraine, Russian Empire
died Nov. 20, 1976, Kiev, Ukraine, U.S.S.R.

Soviet biologist and agronomist.

During the Soviet famines of the 1930s, he proposed techniques for the enhancement of crop yields, rejecting orthodox Mendelian genetics on the basis of unconfirmed experiments, and gained a large popular following. As director of the Soviet Academy of Sciences' Institute of Genetics (1940–65), he became the controversial "dictator" of Stalinist biology. Claiming, among other things, that wheat plants raised in the appropriate environment would produce seeds of rye, he promised greater, more rapid, and less costly increases in crop yields than other biologists believed possible. Eventually his "grassland" system of crop rotation was abandoned in favour of cultivation with mineral fertilizers, and a hybrid-corn program based on the U.S. example was pursued. In 1964 Lysenko's doctrines were officially discredited, and intensive efforts were made toward reestablishing orthodox genetics in the Soviet Union.

Trofim Lysenko, 1938.


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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Lysenko,Trofim Denisovich — Ly·sen·ko (lĭ sĕngʹkō, syĕnʹkə), Trofim Denisovich. 1898 1976. Soviet biologist and agronomist. As director of the Institute of Genetics of the Soviet Academy of Sciences (1940 1964), he had an adverse effect on Soviet agricultural development… …   Universalium

  • Lysenko, Trofim Denisovich — ▪ Soviet biologist and agronomist born 1898, Karlovka, Ukraine, Russian Empire died Nov. 20, 1976, Kiev, Ukrainian S.S.R.  Soviet biologist and agronomist, the controversial “dictator” of Communistic biology during Stalin s regime. He rejected… …   Universalium

  • Lysenko , Trofim Denisovich — (1898–1976) Ukrainian agriculturalist A peasant s son from Karlovka (now in Ukraine), Lysenko began work at the Kirovabad Experimental Station in 1925, after completing his studies at the Kiev Agricultural Institute. In 1929 he became a senior… …   Scientists

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  • Lyssenko, Trofim (Denísovich) — (n. 29 sep. 1898, Karlovka, Ucrania, Imperio ruso–20 nov. 1976, Kíev, Ucrania, URSS). Biólogo y agrónomo soviético. Durante las hambrunas soviéticas de la década de 1930 propuso técnicas para mejorar el rendimiento de los cultivos, descartando la …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Trofim Lysenko — Infobox Scientist name = Trofim Lysenko box width = image width =150px caption =Lysenko studying wheat birth date = September 29, 1898 birth place = Ukraine death date = November 20, 1976 death place = residence = citizenship = nationality =… …   Wikipedia

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