Lord Dunmore's War

Lord Dunmore's War
(1774) Attack by Virginia militia on the Shawnee in Kentucky.

The militiamen seized Fort Pitt on the western border, renaming it after their royal governor, Lord Dunmore, who had ordered attacks against the Shawnee, seen as a threat to white settlers then spreading into the Indian hunting grounds. Defeated at the Battle of Point Pleasant, the Shawnee signed a treaty giving up their hunting grounds. The war was probably started to divert Virginians from disagreements with royal administrators; as such, it has been called the first battle of the American Revolution.

* * *

▪ United States history
      (1774), Virginia-led attack on the Shawnee Indians of Kentucky, removing the last obstacle to colonial conquest of that area. During the early 1770s the Shawnee watched with growing distress the steady encroachment upon their rich Kentucky hunting grounds by white trappers, traders, speculators, and settlers. In early 1774 the Virginia militia seized Fort Pitt and renamed it Fort Dunmore (Dunmore, John Murray, 4th Earl of, Viscount Of Fincastle, Lord Murray Of Blair, Moulin, And Tillemot) for their royal governor, John Murray, 4th earl of Dunmore. Securing frontiersmen behind colonial forts, Lord Dunmore joined Colonel Andrew Lewis in carrying the aggression against the Indians, who they felt threatened white settlers. The Moravian-influenced Delaware Indians remained peaceful, but the inflamed Shawnee sprang to the defense of their homelands. The major confrontation occurred October 10 at the Battle of Point Pleasant, in which the Shawnee under Chief Cornstalk were decisively defeated. To protect their families from attack, Shawnee chiefs quickly agreed in the Treaty of Camp Charlotte to relinquish their hunting grounds to the white settlers.

      Lord Dunmore was widely accused of commencing the war to divert Virginians from differences with the royal administration of that colony, and for this reason the fighting at Point Pleasant has sometimes been called the first battle of the Revolution.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dunmore's War — Date 1774 Location Ohio Country …   Wikipedia

  • Dunmore — from the Irish: Dún Mór or Scottish Gaelic: Dùn Mòr, meaning great fort , may refer to: Contents 1 Earls of Dunmore 2 Other people 3 Places 4 …   Wikipedia

  • Dunmore, John Murray, 4th Earl of, Viscount Of Fincastle, Lord Murray Of Blair, Moulin, And Tillemot — ▪ British royal governor of Virginia born 1730? died Feb. 25 or Mar. 5, 1809, Ramsgate, Kent, Eng.       British royal governor of Virginia on the eve of the American Revolution.       A descendant of the Scottish house of Stuart, he was the… …   Universalium

  • lord — lordlike, adj. /lawrd/, n. 1. a person who has authority, control, or power over others; a master, chief, or ruler. 2. a person who exercises authority from property rights; an owner of land, houses, etc. 3. a person who is a leader or has great… …   Universalium

  • war — war1 /wawr/, n., v., warred, warring, adj. n. 1. a conflict carried on by force of arms, as between nations or between parties within a nation; warfare, as by land, sea, or air. 2. a state or period of armed hostility or active military… …   Universalium

  • Dunmore's Proclamation — A copy of the original printing Created November 7, 1775 Ratified …   Wikipedia

  • John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore — (1730 ndash; February 25, 1809), was a British peer and colonial governor. He was the son of William Murray, 3rd Earl of Dunmore, and his wife Catherine (née Murray). He is best remembered as the last Royal Governor of the Colony of Virginia… …   Wikipedia

  • Dunmore East — harbour and lighthouse Dunmore East (Irish: An Dún Mór Thoir) is a popular tourist and fishing village village in County Waterford, Ireland. Situated on the west side of Waterford Harbour on Ireland s southeastern coast, it lies within the barony …   Wikipedia

  • John Murray, 4. Earl of Dunmore — (* 1730; † 25. Februar 1809) war 1770 bis 1771 britischer Gouverneur der Provinz New York und vom 25. September 1771 bis Silvester 1776 der Kolonie Virginia. Er stammte aus der französischen Linie der Stuarts. Seine Eltern waren William Murray, 3 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cresap's War — For the 1774 conflict also known as Cresap s War, see Dunmore s War. Map showing the area disputed between Maryland and Pennsylvania during Cresap s War. Cresap s War (also known as the Conojocular War  from the Conejohela Valley where it… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”