Lee Teng-hui

Lee Teng-hui
born Jan. 15, 1923, near Tan-shui, Taiwan

First Taiwan-born president (1988–2000) of Taiwan (Republic of China).

He became president in 1988 after the death of Chiang Ching-kuo. He was reelected in 1990 and won a landslide victory in 1996 in Taiwan's first direct presidential election. Lee favoured a policy of "flexible diplomacy" in dealing with the People's Republic of China. His successor, Chen Shui-bian (Ch'en Shui-pian) was the first president not from the Nationalist Party.

* * *

▪ president of Taiwan
born January 15, 1923, near Tan-shui, Taiwan

      first Taiwan-born president of the Republic of China (Taiwan; 1988–2000).

      Lee attended Kyōto University in Japan and National Taiwan University (B.A., 1948) and studied agricultural economics in the United States at Iowa State University (M.A., 1953) and Cornell University (Ph.D., 1968). While a professor of economics at National Taiwan and National Chengchi universities (1958–78), he was a member of Taiwan's Joint Commission on Rural Reconstruction. During this period Lee contributed much to Taiwan's agricultural development, promoting farmers' associations, irrigation systems, and agricultural mechanization and supporting the Agricultural Development Act, which balanced agricultural and industrial development. In 1978 he was elected mayor of Taipei, and he later served as governor of Taiwan province (1981–84) before becoming vice president under Chiang Ching-kuo in 1984. After Chiang's death in 1988, Lee became president of Taiwan and acting chairman of the ruling party, the Kuomintang (Nationalist Party) (KMT). His election to the KMT post later in the year further strengthened his position, and in 1990 he was reelected president by an overwhelming majority of members of the National Assembly. In 1996 Lee won Taiwan's first direct popular presidential election.

      As president Lee worked to democratize Taiwan's political system. He favoured a policy of “flexible diplomacy” in dealing with the People's Republic of China, and he eased restrictions on travel to that country and on trade. China, however, was wary of Lee, believing that he supported an independent Taiwan. In 1995 China suspended talks with Taiwan after Lee made an unofficial visit to the United States. Though communications resumed in 1998, tensions between China and Taiwan continued, particularly after Lee announced in 1999 that contacts between China and Taiwan should be on the basis of “special state-to-state relations”—which effectively moved Taiwan closer to independence.

      Lee retired when his term ended in 2000, and the KMT lost power for the first time in Taiwan's history.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lee Teng-Hui — (rechts) Lee Teng hui (chin. 李登輝, Lǐ Dēnghuī; * 15. Januar 1923 in Sanchih im Landkreis Taipeh, Japanisches Kaiserreich, heute Republik China) ist ein nationalchinesischer Politiker. Er war von 1988 bis 2000 Präsident der Republik China …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lee Teng-hui — (2004) Lee Teng hui (chinesisch 李登輝 Lǐ Dēnghuī; * 15. Januar 1923 in Sanzhi im Landkreis Taipeh, Japanisches Kaiserreich, heute Republik China) ist ein nationalchinesischer Politiker. Er war von 1988 bis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lee Teng-hui — Lee Teng hui,   Li Denghui, chinesischer Politiker, * Sanzhi (bei Taipeh) 15. 1. 1923; studierte Agrarwissenschaft; war 1972 78 Minister ohne Portefeuille in der taiwanischen Regierung, 1978 81 Bürgermeister der Hauptstadt Taipeh und 1981 84… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Lee Teng-hui — Infobox President name = Lee Teng hui 李登輝 order = President of the Republic of China term start = 13 January 1988 term end = 20 May 2000 predecessor = Chiang Ching kuo successor = Chen Shui bian vicepresident = Li Yuan zu Lien Chan order2 = Vice… …   Wikipedia

  • Lee Teng-hui — Este es un nombre chino; el apellido es Lee. Lee Teng hui 李登輝 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lee Teng-hui — Li Tenghui Li Tenghui est un nom asiatique ; le nom de famille, Li, précède donc le prénom. Li Denghui 李登輝 4e Président de la République de Chine (Taï …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lee Teng-hui — (n. 15 ene. 1923, cerca de Tan Shui, Taiwán). Primer presidente (1988–2000) de Taiwan (República de China) de origen taiwanés. Ascendió al cargo en 1988 tras la muerte de Chiang Ching kuo. Fue reelegido en 1990 y obtuvo una victoria aplastante en …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • A Conversation with Lee Teng-hui — ▪ 1997       Encyclopædia Britannica was honoured to have the opportunity to speak with Lee Teng hui, who in March 1996 won a landslide victory in the first direct presidential elections in the Republic of China (Taiwan). The interview, which… …   Universalium

  • Lee Teng-hui — [[t]ˈli ˈtʌŋ (h)wi[/t]] n. big born 1924, president of Taiwan 1988–2000 …   From formal English to slang

  • Lee Denghui — Lee Teng hui (rechts) Lee Teng hui (chin. 李登輝, Lǐ Dēnghuī; * 15. Januar 1923 in Sanchih im Landkreis Taipeh, Japanisches Kaiserreich, heute Republik China) ist ein nationalchinesischer Politiker. Er war von 1988 bis 2000 Präsident der Republik… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”