Latin American arts

Latin American arts
Visual, performing, and literary arts that developed in Mesoamerica, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean after contact with the Spanish and Portuguese beginning in 1492 and 1500, respectively.

When Europeans arrived, they came with artistic traditions dating back to antiquity. For centuries, indigenous American peoples had similarly formed civilizations with their own unique artistic practices (see Native American arts). The importation of African slaves led to the presence of long-standing African arts in the region as well (see African arts). In architecture, at the time of colonization, many native centres were destroyed and replaced with European-style churches and buildings. During this period, a combination of European and indigenous imagery led to unique religious sculptural and decorative art forms. As more European artists immigrated to the new land, Iberian artists brought with them elements of the styles that were current in Europe
such as the Renaissance, Baroque, and Rococo
to art and architecture. The most notable regional style of the 18th century was known as Churrigueresque, an elaborately decorative style used in architecture, sculpture, and decorative arts. Throughout the 19th and 20th centuries, Latin American artists and architects continued to experiment with a variety of Western styles
but increasingly adapted them to reflect Latin American themes and, often, political concerns. Indigenous music was varied before colonization. The main instruments seem to have been rattles or shakers (e.g., maracas) and flutes of numerous kinds, including panpipes. Under European influence, harps, violins, and guitars were adopted (see mariachi). Indigenous scales were three-or five-tone, and choral singing in parallel lines was common in some areas. Spanish and Portuguese music contributed verse forms and self-accompanied solo singing. African influences on rhythm have included the use of repetitive patterns to accompany extended improvisation and the prevalence of two-and four-beat patterns, particularly in Caribbean music; the African tradition can also be seen in the use of drums and of syncopation. Iberian dance rhythms and features, such as hand clapping and the use of scarves and handkerchiefs, carried over into many hybrid forms of music and dance. Especially in the 20th century, forms of popular music and dance
such as salsa, tango, samba, and bossa nova
represented a blending of native and Western traditions. During the colonial period, Latin American literature reflected trends in Spanish and Portuguese literature, and it consisted mostly of chronicles of conquest. As the colonies developed their own character and moved towards independence, patriotic writings became prominent. In the mid 19th century, the cuadro de costumbres, or sketch of contemporary customs, developed into a realistic novel of manners. Beginning in the late 19th century, authors in the Modernismo movement focused on "art for art's sake." Latin American literature came into its own in the 20th century, with movements such as magic realism gaining international prominence. See also individual artists by name, such as Frida Kahlo; Oscar Niemeyer; and Diego Rivera; and authors by name, such as Jorge Luis Borges; Gabriel García Márquez; and Pablo Neruda.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Latin American culture — is the formal or informal expression of the peoples of Latin America, and includes both high culture (literature, high art) and popular culture (music, folk art and dance) as well as religion and other customary practices. Definitions of Latin… …   Wikipedia

  • Latin American music — Latin American music, found within Central and South America, is a series of musical styles and genres that mixes influences from Spanish, African and indigenous sources, that has recently become very famous in the US. Contents 1 Popular music… …   Wikipedia

  • Latin American cinema — Cinema of Argentina Cinema of Bolivia Cinema of Brazil Cinema of Chile Cinema of Colombia Cinema of Cuba Cinema of Ecuador …   Wikipedia

  • Latin American art — Introduction       artistic traditions that developed in Mesoamerica, Central America, and South America after contact with the Spanish and Portuguese beginning in 1492 and 1500, respectively, and continuing to the present.       This article… …   Universalium

  • Latin American architecture — Introduction       history of architecture in Mesoamerica, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean beginning after contact with the Spanish and Portuguese in 1492 and 1500, respectively, and continuing to the present.       For… …   Universalium

  • Latin American literature — Introduction       the national literatures of the Spanish speaking countries of the Western Hemisphere. Historically, it also includes the literary expression of the highly developed American Indian civilizations conquered by the Spaniards. Over …   Universalium

  • Latin American music — Introduction       musical traditions of Mexico, Central America, and the portions of South America and the Caribbean colonized by the Spanish and the Portuguese. These traditions reflect the distinctive mixtures of Native American, African, and… …   Universalium

  • Latin American migration to the United Kingdom — For Latin Americans of British descent, see British Latin American. Latin American migration to the United Kingdom …   Wikipedia

  • Latin American Australian — Ethnic group group=Latino Australian poptime= 86,156 (by birth) 93,795 (by ancestry) 0.43% of Australia s populationFact|date=March 2008 popplace= Sydney, Melbourne, Perth langs=English, Spanish and Portuguese rels=Predominantly Roman Catholic,… …   Wikipedia

  • Latin American creation theories — In Latin American History, the Latin American Creation Theories are a set of theories that explain the foundation and creation of different regions of Latin America.The theory was first developed by a group of Venezuelan and Honduran… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”