Langton, Stephen

Langton, Stephen
died July 9, 1228, Slindon, Sussex, Eng.

English cardinal and archbishop of Canterbury (1207–28).

Langton was living in Rome when Innocent III nominated him as archbishop of Canterbury to settle a disputed election. When King John refused to allow him into England, the pope excommunicated John (1209). John finally submitted and received Langton in 1213. The new archbishop encouraged baronial opposition to the king but opposed violence. He was present at the signing of the Magna Carta (1215) and influenced its provisions on ecclesiastical liberties.

* * *

died July 9, 1228, Slindon, Sussex, Eng.

      English cardinal whose appointment as archbishop of Canterbury precipitated King John's (John) quarrel with Pope Innocent III and played an important part in the Magna Carta crisis.

      Langton, son of a lord of a manor in Lincolnshire, became early in his career a prebendary of York. He then (c. 1181) went to Paris and, having graduated from that university, he served there for 25 years and established a reputation as a great preacher and a major scholar and theologian. Pope Innocent III then summoned him to Rome and in 1206 created him cardinal-priest of St. Chrysogonus. Immediately afterward Langton was drawn into the vortex of English politics.

      After the death of Hubert Walter (1205), a dispute immediately arose as to who should be the new archbishop of Canterbury; but after two years of political turmoil involving king and clergy, the Pope suggested that the suffragans of Canterbury elect Langton, who was consecrated at Viterbo on June 17, 1207. King John, however, refused to allow the new archbishop access to his province, seized the revenues of Canterbury, and banished the monks; Innocent replied by laying England under an interdict (March 1208). Langton crossed to Dover (October 1209) in an attempt to achieve negotiation with the king, but John would go no nearer than Chilham, Kent, and after a week the archbishop left the country, and John's excommunication was published (November 1209).

      By 1212 John was seriously planning the recovery of the French territories lost to Philip II in 1204. The need to embark on this enterprise unhampered by ecclesiastical censure, Innocent's threat of deposing him, and the news that Philip was planning (April 1213) an invasion of England finally caused John to submit. He at once agreed to receive the archbishop, and Langton, who had been residing mainly at the Cistercian abbey of Pontigny, crossed to England (July 1213) and absolved the king.

      Langton was not only associated with the baronial opposition against King John; he advised and supported it, suggesting that the barons take their stand on the coronation oath and the charter of Henry I. Later he withdrew, disapproving violent means, and at Runnymede (June 1215) appeared as one of the king's commissioners. He therefore probably influenced such “non baronial” clauses of Magna Carta as the one confirming ecclesiastical liberties. During 1218–28 he supported Henry III's party, being responsible for the 1225 reissue of Magna Carta, and that year convened a clerics' council to determine a grant to the king. He was responsible for the recall of the papal legate (legate), and during his life no other one resided in England, thus strengthening the archbishop of Canterbury's claim to be legatus natus (a legate in his own right). In 1222 he also promulgated some important constitutions.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Langton, Stephen — (d. 1228)    Theologian and Archbishop.    Langton was born in England, but was educated and later taught in Paris. He was made a Cardinal by Pope Innocent III in 1206 and was consecrated Archbishop of Canterbury in the following year. However,… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Langton, Stephen — (m. 9 jul. 1228, Slindon, Sussex, Inglaterra). Cardenal inglés y arzobispo de Canterbury (1207–28). Vivía en Roma cuando Inocencio III lo nombró arzobispo de Canterbury para resolver una disputada elección. Cuando el rey Juan (sin Tierra) rehusó… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • LANGTON, STEPHEN —    archbishop of Canterbury, born in England but educated in France; a man of ability and scholarly attainments; in 1206 visited Rome, was made Cardinal by Innocent III., presented to the Archbishopric, and consecrated at Viterbo in 1207; King… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Stephen Langton — Infobox Archbishop of Canterbury Full name = Stephen Langton birth name = Stephen Langton began=unknown consecration = June 17, 1207 term end = July 9, 1228 predecessor = Hubert Walter successor = Walter d Eynsham birth date = death date = July 9 …   Wikipedia

  • Stephen — /stee veuhn/, n. 1. Saint, died A.D. c35, first Christian martyr. 2. Saint, c975 1038, first king of Hungary 997 1038. 3. (Stephen of Blois) 1097? 1154, king of England 1135 54. 4. Sir Leslie, 1832 1904, English critic, biographer, and… …   Universalium

  • Stephen — (as used in expressions) Austin, Stephen (Fuller) Bechtel, Stephen D(avison) Benét, Stephen Vincent Biko, Stephen Breyer, Stephen (Gerald) Brook, Sir Peter (Stephen Paul) Case, Stephen Cleveland, (Stephen) Grover Crane, Stephen Decatur, Stephen… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Stephen Langton — (* um 1150 vermutlich in Langton bei Wragby, England; † 9. Juli 1228 in Slindon/Sussex), zuweilen auch Stephan Langton, war Theologe, Kardinal und von 1207 bis 1228 Erzbischof von Canterbury. Er studierte und lehrte in Paris Theologie. Auf ihn… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Stephen Langton — (c. 1150 – 9 de julio de 1228), teólogo, Cardenal y entre 1207 y 1228 Arzobispo de Canterbury. Estudió y enseñó Teología en París. Fue nombrado por el Papa Arzobispo de Canterbury. Sin embargo, el Rey Juan Sin Tierra de Inglaterra no aceptó el… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Langton (surname) — Langton is a surname and may refer to:* Anne Langton * Arthur Langton * Baden Langton * Brooke Langton * Christopher Langton * Daniel Langton * David Langton * Huw Lloyd Langton * Jim Langton * John Langton * John Langton (Canadian politician) *… …   Wikipedia

  • Langton — ist der Name von Bobby Langton (1918–1996), englischer Fußballspieler Brooke Langton (* 1970), US amerikanische Schauspielerin Christopher Langton, theoretischer Biologe, Mitbegründer der Forschungsdisziplin des Artificial Life David Langton… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”