- Landon, Alf
orig. Alfred Mossman Landonborn Sept. 9, 1887, West Middlesex, Pa., U.S.died Oct. 12, 1987, Topeka, Kan.U.S. politician.He received a law degree from the University of Kansas in 1908 and entered the oil business in 1912. He became active in Progressive Party politics and campaigned in Kansas for the party's 1912 presidential candidate, Theodore Roosevelt. He was elected governor of Kansas in 1932 and again in 1934, the only incumbent Republican governor to be reelected that year. As the Republican candidate in the presidential election of 1936 he lost in a landslide to Democratic incumbent Franklin D. Roosevelt.
* * *▪ American politicianin full Alfred Mossman Landonborn Sept. 9, 1887, West Middlesex, Pa., U.S.died Oct. 12, 1987, Topeka, Kan.governor of Kansas (1933–37) and unsuccessful U.S. Republican (Republican Party) presidential candidate in 1936.Landon went with his parents to Independence, Kan., in 1904. He received a law degree from the University of Kansas in 1908 and entered the oil business in 1912. He attended the Bull Moose Convention of the Progressive Party in that same year and campaigned in Kansas for the Progressive Party presidential candidate, Theodore Roosevelt. Thereafter, Landon's political affiliation remained with Kansas progressivism. During World War I he served in the U.S. Army chemical warfare service.After the war Landon returned to his oil business and Kansas politics. He was elected governor in 1932 and was reelected in 1934, the only Republican gubernatorial incumbent to win that year. This victory led to the “Landon Boom” and to his presidential candidacy of 1936. Although nearly 17,000,000 Americans voted the Republican ticket, Landon won the electoral votes of only Maine and Vermont. After losing the election he continued to participate in Kansas politics but did not again play an important role in national affairs. His daughter Nancy Landon Kassebaum (Kassebaum, Nancy Landon) was also a Republican senator from Kansas.
* * *