Landini, Francesco

Landini, Francesco
or Francesco Landino

born с 1335, Fiesole, near Florence
died Sept. 2, 1397, Florence

Italian composer, organist, and poet.

Blinded by smallpox as a child, he took up the study of music and the organ. He later became an organ builder as well as a composer, lyricist, and performer of more than 150 beautifully melodic two-and three-part songs. Landini's works represent about a quarter of the music that survives from the Italian Ars Nova (14th century).

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▪ Italian composer
Landini also spelled  Landino  
born c. 1335, , Fiesole, near Florence
died Sept. 2, 1397, Florence

      leading composer of 14th-century Italy, famed during his lifetime for his musical memory, his skill in improvisation, and his virtuosity on the organetto, or portative organ, as well as for his compositions. He also played the flute and the rebec.

      The son of Jacopo the Painter, Landini was blinded in childhood by smallpox. He attained in his youth a reputation for learning in philosophy, astrology, and music, and he was crowned with a laurel wreath as the winner of a poetical contest at Venice in 1364. In Il Paradiso degli Alberti del 1389, Giovanni da Prato described Landini as playing his songs so sweetly “that no one had ever heard such beautiful harmonies, and their hearts almost burst from their bosoms.”

      Landini's surviving works include numerous songs, of which his favourite form was the ballata, an Italian song form modeled on the French virelay or on the native Italian lauda spirituale. The melodies (top part predominating) are vocal in character and highly ornamental. As in other songs of the period, they are distinguished by elaborate patterning, syncopations, roulades, and an evident lack of emotional connection between the words and the music. The songs were performed by voices, instruments, or, typically, a mixture of both. Their stylized elegance, gay preciosity, and clear, limpid texture characterize all of Landini's songs.

      In addition to his 140 settings of ballate (91 for two voices, 49 for three), his surviving compositions include 12 madrigals, a virelay, and a caccia.

      One distinctive cadence formula that was common in 14th-century music, particularly that of Landini, is known as the Landini cadence, in which the leading tone drops to the sixth of the scale before approaching the final tonic note.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Francesco Landini — or Landino (around 1325 ndash; September 2, 1397) was an Italian composer, organist, singer, poet and instrument maker. He was one of the most famous and revered composers of the second half of the 14th century, and by far the most famous… …   Wikipedia

  • Landini — Landini,   Landino, Francesco, italienischer Komponist, Organist und Dichter, * Fiesole 1335 (?), ✝ Florenz 2. 9. 1397; seit früher Jugend erblindet; ab 1361 als Organist an Santa Trinità und 1365 bis zu seinem Tode als Cappellanus an San Lorenzo …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Landini cadence — A Landini cadence is a type of cadence, a technique in music composition, named after Francesco Landini (1325 1397), a blind Florentine organist, in honor of his extensive use of the technique. The technique was used extensively in the 14th and… …   Wikipedia

  • Landini (homonymie) — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Patronyme Landini est un patronyme italien, porté par plusieurs personnalités, de nationalité italienne ou d origine italienne (par ordre… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Landini cadence — Music. a melodic cadential formula, associated esp. with the Ars Nova music of Francesco Landini, progressing from the tonic to the leading tone, then to the submediant and back to the tonic. * * * …   Universalium

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