- Kızıl River
ancient Halys RiverRiver, central and north-central Turkey.The longest river wholly within Turkey and the largest in Anatolia, it rises in north-central Turkey and flows southwestward. It turns north and empties into the Black Sea after a total course of 734 mi (1,182 km). Unsuitable for navigation, it is a source of irrigation and hydroelectricity for the region.
* * *river, the longest wholly within Turkey. It rises in the Kızıl Mountains (kızıl, “red”) in north-central Anatolia at an elevation of about 6,500 feet (1,980 m) and flows southwest, past the towns of Zara and Sivas. It then turns northward in a great crescent-shaped bend, where it breaks through the Pontic Mountains and flows into the Black Sea between Sinop and Samsun after a total course of about 734 miles (1,182 km). The riverbed is shallow, and the volume of water fluctuates greatly with the seasons, with a minimum in summer and a maximum in spring when it is fed by melted snow and rainwater. The variation in its channel and volume makes the river unsuitable for navigation. It is, however, valuable for irrigation and the production of hydroelectricity. Two large hydroelectric schemes are in operation at Hırfanlı and Keşikköprü. These, together with the smaller plant at Kırıkkale, provide electricity to the Black Sea, Marmara, and Aegean regions. The large delta formed by the Kızıl River near Bafra on the Black Sea is noted for its tobacco.
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