Kootenay National Park

Kootenay National Park
National park, southeastern British Columbia, Canada.

Centred around the Kootenay River, the park occupies the western slopes of the Rocky Mountains, adjacent to Banff and Yoho national parks. Established as a national park in 1920, it covers 543 sq mi (1,406 sq km). From prehistoric times, the area was a major north-south travel route. Pictographs indicate that humans settled near the hot springs 11,000–12,000 years ago. The park's scenery is characterized by snowcapped peaks, glaciers, cascades, canyons, and verdant valleys. Wildlife includes wapiti (elk), moose, deer, bighorn sheep, and mountain goats.

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national park in southeastern British Columbia, Canada. Centred around the Kootenay River, the park occupies the western slopes of the Rocky Mountains, adjacent to Banff (Banff National Park) and Yoho (Yoho National Park) national parks at the Alberta border. Noted for its archaeological significance and its scenic landscape, Kootenay was designated part of the Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks World Heritage site in 1984.

      The Canadian government declared Kootenay a national park in 1920, when British Columbia agreed to relinquish the land 5 miles (8 km) on either side of the Trans-Canada Highway in exchange for federal funds to complete the highway's construction. In 1930 the park's area was some 590 square miles (1,520 square km), but it has since been reduced to 543 square miles (1,406 square km).

      Since prehistoric times, Kootenay has functioned as a major north-south travel route. Pictographs indicate that humans settled near the hot springs (hot spring) about 11,000 to 12,000 years ago. The park is drained by the Kootenay, Vermilion, and Simpson rivers, and its scenery is characterized by snowcapped peaks (including the Verendrye, Stanley, and Deltaform mountains), glaciers, cascades, canyons, and verdant valleys. Trees of the region include the fir, spruce, and, to a lesser extent, aspen. The park is home to wapiti (elk), moose, deer, bighorn sheep, mountain goats, and beavers.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Kootenay National Park — Infobox protected area | name = Kootenay National Park iucn category = II caption = Location of Kootenay National Park locator x = 51 locator y = 174 location = British Columbia, Canada nearest city = lat degrees = 50 lat minutes = 52 lat seconds …   Wikipedia

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  • Kootenay National Park — geographical name reservation Canada in SE British Columbia including section of the upper Kootenay River …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Yoho National Park — National park, southeastern British Columbia, Canada. It occupies 507 sq mi (1,313 sq km) of the western and central slopes of the Rocky Mountains and is adjacent to Banff and Kootenay national parks. Known for the Burgess Shale archaeological… …   Universalium

  • Banff National Park — Infobox protected area | name = Banff National Park iucn category = II caption = Location of Banff National Park in Canada locator x = 52 locator y = 168 location = Alberta, Canada nearest city = Calgary, Alberta lat degrees = 51 lat minutes = 10 …   Wikipedia

  • Yoho National Park — Infobox protected area | name = Yoho National Park iucn category = II caption = Location of Yoho National Park locator x = 48 locator y = 168 location = British Columbia, Canada nearest city = Golden lat degrees = 51 lat minutes = 23 lat seconds …   Wikipedia

  • Banff National Park — a national reserve, 2585 sq. mi. (6695 sq. km), in the Rocky Mountains, in SW Alberta, Canada. * * * Park, southwestern Alberta, Canada. Established in 1885 as Canada s first national park, it lies on the eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains and …   Universalium

  • Banff National Park —   [ bæmf næʃnl pɑːk], der erste Nationalpark Kanadas (gegründet 1885), in der Provinz Alberta, im vergletscherten Hauptkamm der Rocky Mountains östlich der kontinentalen Wasserscheide, 6 641 km2, mit Bergen über 3 000 m über dem Meeresspiegel,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Yoho National Park —   [ jəʊhəʊ næʃnl paːk], Nationalpark in der Provinz British Columbia, Kanada, in den Rocky Mountains, westlich an den Banff National Park anschließend; 1 313 km2, 1886 gegründet; Hochgebirgslandschaft mit steilen, zum Teil vergletscherten Gipfeln …   Universal-Lexikon

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