Klemperer, Otto

Klemperer, Otto
born May 14, 1885, Breslau, Ger.
died July 6, 1973, Zürich, Switz.

German conductor.

After studying composition with Hans Pfitzner (1869–1949), in 1905 he met Gustav Mahler, who recommended him for several positions, including chief conductor at the Hamburg Opera (1910). At the short-lived Kroll Opera (1927–31) he conducted the Berlin premieres of many important works by contemporary composers. In 1933 he fled Germany for the U.S., conducting in Los Angeles (1933–39) and studying with Arnold Schoenberg. A brain tumour in 1939 left him partly paralyzed. From the 1950s, though seated on the podium, he created a much-admired recorded legacy with London's Philharmonia Orchestra.

* * *

▪ German conductor
born May 14, 1885, Breslau, Ger. [now Wrocław, Pol.]
died July 6, 1973, Zürich, Switz.
 one of the outstanding German conductors of his time.

      Klemperer studied in Frankfurt and Berlin and on the recommendation of Gustav Mahler (Mahler, Gustav) was made conductor of the German National Theatre at Prague in 1907. Between 1910 and 1927 he conducted opera at Hamburg, Barmen, Strassburg, Cologne, and Wiesbaden. In 1927 he became director of the Kroll Opera in Berlin, where he expanded the repertory to include works by Paul Hindemith (Hindemith, Paul), Ernst Krenek (Krenek, Ernst), and Igor Stravinsky (Stravinsky, Igor). He was conductor of the Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra (1933–39) and of the Budapest Opera (1947–50). In his later years he was especially known for his interpretations of the symphonies of Ludwig van Beethoven (Beethoven, Ludwig van), Anton Bruckner (Bruckner, Anton), and Mahler, as well as for his updated versions of core repertory, such as Beethoven's opera Fidelio (1805; revised versions 1806, 1814). At age 70 Klemperer began one of the most acclaimed periods of his career, as music director (1955–71) of the Philharmonia/New Philharmonia Orchestra in London, with which he made many recordings. His own compositions include an opera (Das Ziel [1915; revised 1970]), 9 string quartets, 6 symphonies, 17 pieces for voice and orchestra, and songs. Klemperer's views on music can be found in a collection edited by Martin Anderson, Klemperer on Music: Shavings from a Musician's Workbench (1986), as well as in Conversations with Klemperer, rev. ed. (1985), compiled and edited by Peter Heyworth.

Additional Reading
Peter Heyworth, Otto Klemperer, His Life and Times, 2 vol. (1996).

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • KLEMPERER, OTTO — (1885–1973), conductor and composer. Born in Breslau, Klemperer studied in Frankfurt and Berlin. In 1905 he met mahler , who exercised a decisive influence on his career. On Mahler s recommendation he was appointed chorus master and conductor in… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Klemperer, Otto — (1885 1973)    conductor; director of Berlin s* Kroll Opera. Born of Jewish parentage in Breslau (now Wroclaw), he grew up in Hamburg, where he studied piano. In 1901 he began formal training, first at Frankfurt s Hoch Conservatory and then,… …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Klemperer, Otto — (1885–1973)    Musical conductor. Klemperer came to the United States from Germany in 1933 and directed the Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra and then the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra. After World War II he spent several years in Europe working …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Klemperer,Otto — Klem·per·er (klĕmʹpər ər), Otto. 1885 1973. German conductor noted for his interpretations of Beethoven, Mahler, and Richard Strauss. * * * …   Universalium

  • Klemperer, Otto — (1885 1973)    German musician. Born in Breslau, he studied in Frankfurt and Berlin. He was chorus master and then conductor at the German theatre in Prague. In 1917 he became music director of the Cologne Opera. Later he led several German opera …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Klemperer, Otto — (14 may. 1885, Breslau, Alemania–6 jul. 1973, Zürich, Suiza). Director de orquesta alemán. Después de estudiar composición con Hans Pfitzner (n. 1869–m. 1949), en 1905 conoció a Gustav Mahler, quien lo recomendó para varios cargos, entre ellos,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Otto Klemperer (physicist) — Otto Ernst Heinrich Klemperer (1899–1987[1]) was a physicist expert in electron optics. He was granted his doctorate by the Humboldt Universität zu Berlin in 1923.[2] His thesis advisor was Hans Geiger.[2] He continued to work with Geiger in the… …   Wikipedia

  • Otto Klemperer — (Breslau, llamada actualmente Wrocław, Polonia, 14 de mayo de 1885 Zúrich, 6 de julio de 1973) fue un director de orquesta alemán. Contenido …   Wikipedia Español

  • KLEMPERER (O.) — KLEMPERER OTTO (1885 1973) Chef d’orchestre allemand considéré comme l’un des ultimes détenteurs des traditions d’interprétation germanique du XXe siècle, Otto Klemperer constitue un maillon essentiel entre Gustav Mahler et Richard Strauss, deux… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Klemperer — (izg. klèmperer), Otto (1885 1973) DEFINICIJA njemački dirigent svjetskoga glasa; poznate su njegove interpretacije simfonija Beethovena, Brucknera i Mahlera …   Hrvatski jezični portal

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”