Khmer language

Khmer language
or Cambodian language

Mon-Khmer language spoken by more than seven million people in Cambodia (where it is the national language), southern Vietnam, and parts of Thailand.

Khmer is written in a distinctive script, which, like the writing systems of Burmese, Thai, and Lao, is descended from the South Asian Pallava script (see Indic writing systems); the earliest inscription in Old Khmer is from the 7th century. During the Angkor period (9th–15th centuries), Khmer lent many words to Thai, Lao, and other languages of the region (see Tai languages). Khmer itself has borrowed many learned words from Sanskrit and Pali.

* * *

also called  Cambodian,  

      Mon-Khmer language spoken by most of the population of Cambodia, where it is the official language, and by some 1.3 million people in southeastern Thailand, and also by more than a million people in southern Vietnam. The language has been written since the early 7th century using a script originating in South India. The language used in the ancient Khmer empire and in Angkor, its capital, was Old Khmer, which is a direct ancestor of modern Khmer. Several hundred monumental inscriptions found in Cambodia, southern Vietnam, and parts of Thailand, dating from the 7th to the 15th century, attest to the former widespread use and prestige of the language. It has exerted a lasting influence on the languages of the region, as evidenced by the large number of Khmer borrowings found in Thai, Lao, Kuay, Stieng, Samre, Cham, and others. Khmer has in turn liberally borrowed from Sanskrit and Pāli, especially for philosophical, administrative, and technical vocabulary.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Khmer language — Khmer ភាសាខ្មែរ Pronunciation IPA: [pʰiːəsaː kʰmaːe] Spoken in Cambodia, Vietnam, Thailand, USA, France …   Wikipedia

  • Khmer — can refer to the: *Khmer people, the ethnic group to which the great majority of Cambodians belong:See also Khmer Krom and Khmer Loeu *Khmer language, the language of the Khmer and the official language of Cambodia *Khmer script, the script used… …   Wikipedia

  • Khmer National Liberation Committee — Khmer People s Liberation Committee (in Khmer language: Kana Cheat Mouta Keaha Mocchim Nokor Khmer , fr. Comité de libération du peuple khmer) was a Cambodian anticolonial movement, formed by Issarak elements on February 1, 1948. The Committee… …   Wikipedia

  • Khmer numerals — are the numerals used in the Khmer language of Cambodia. In informal spoken language one can ignore the last sep (30 to 90) and it is still understood. E.g. , you can say paet muoy (ប៉ែតមួយ) instead of the full paet sep muoy (ប៉ែតសិបមួយ). Note… …   Wikipedia

  • Khmer — [kə mer′] n. [< the Khmer name] 1. a member of a people of Cambodia that had a highly developed civilization that reached its peak in the 12th cent. 2. the Mon Khmer language of this people, also spoken in NE Thailand and S Vietnam …   English World dictionary

  • Khmer script — Infobox Writing system name=Khmer languages=Khmer type=Abugida time= c. 600 ndash;present fam1=Proto Canaanite alphabet (disputed) fam2=Phoenician alphabet (disputed) fam3=Aramaic alphabet (disputed) fam4=Brāhmī fam5=Pallavasisters=Mon Old Kawi… …   Wikipedia

  • Khmer Rouge — The Khmer Rouge (Khmer: ខ្មែរក្រហម – “Khmer Krahom” in Khmer) literally translated as Red Cambodians was the name given to the followers of the Communist Party of Kampuchea, who were the ruling party in Cambodia from 1975 to 1979, led by Pol Pot …   Wikipedia

  • Khmer Rouge period (1975–1979) — The Khmer Rouge from 1975 until 1979 when Cambodia was ruled by the government of Pol Pot and his Khmer Rouge party the official name of the country was Democratic Kampuchea ( km. កម្ពុជាប្រជាធិបតេយ្យ, French: Kampuchea démocratique , Vietnamese …   Wikipedia

  • Khmer Rouge rule of Cambodia — History of Cambodia This article is part of a series Early history …   Wikipedia

  • Khmer Loeu — The Khmer Loeu are the non Khmer highland tribes in Cambodia. Although the origins of this group are not clear, some believe that the Mon Khmer speaking tribes were part of the long migration of these people from the northwest. The Austronesian… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”