Kawatake Mokuami

Kawatake Mokuami
orig. Yoshimura Yoshisaburō

born March 1, 1816, Edo, Japan
died Jan. 22, 1893, Tokyo

Japanese playwright.

He apprenticed with the kabuki playwright Tsuruya Namboku V and became chief playwright of the Kawarasaki Theatre (1843). He was noted for domestic plays that featured ordinary townspeople and picaresque plays that portrayed the lives of thieves. After 1868 he wrote historical plays that emphasized factual accuracy and pioneered the production of domestic plays that described the modernization and Westernization of early Meiji period society. He retired in 1881 but continued to write dance dramas. He wrote more than 360 plays, and his works account for half the current kabuki repertory.

* * *

▪ Japanese dramatist
original name  Yoshimura Yoshisaburō , also called  Kawatake Shinshichi II  or  Furukawa Mokuami 
born March 1, 1816, Edo [now Tokyo], Japan
died Jan. 22, 1893, Tokyo
 versatile and prolific Japanese dramatist, the last great Kabuki playwright of the Tokugawa period (1603–1867).

      Growing up in Edo, Kawatake became a pupil of the Kabuki playwright Tsuruya Namboku V and wrote many kinds of plays during a long apprenticeship. He became the chief playwright for the Kawarasaki Theatre in 1843. During his 40s, Kawatake established his reputation writing sewamono, domestic plays featuring the lives of ordinary townspeople, and shiranamimono, picaresque plays portraying the lives of thieves and other minor criminals. He wrote many such plays for the noted actor Ichikawa Kodanji IV until the latter's death in 1866.

      Following the Meiji Restoration (1868), Kawatake began producing katsurekimono, or modified versions of traditional history plays (jidaimono), emphasizing factual accuracy in his works. He also pioneered in the production of a new kind of domestic play known as zangirimono, which explicitly describes the modernization and Westernization of early Meiji society. When he ostensibly retired from active playwriting in 1881, he relinquished his stage name of Kawatake Shinshichi II and adopted the name Kawatake Mokuami. He continued to write dance dramas after his retirement, including works derived from Noh theatre.

      Kawatake was one of the most prolific of all dramatists. Of his more than 360 plays, about 130 are domestic plays, 90 are historical plays, and 140 are dance dramas. His plays are still performed frequently and constitute almost half of those currently in the Kabuki repertoire. They are especially notable for powerful lyrical passages recited to a musical accompaniment, which serves to intensify the mood of the dramatic situation. The plays also draw appeal from their exact and realistic portrayals of characters from the lower social classes and from their explicit love scenes.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kawatake Mokuami — (河竹黙阿弥?) (real name Yoshimura Yoshisaburō; 吉村芳三郎)(1816–1893) was a Japanese dramatist …   Wikipedia

  • Kawatake Mokuami — (河竹黙阿弥), né en 1816 à Edo, mort en 1893, est un écrivain japonais de kabuki connu comme l un des trois plus grands hommes du théâtre. La première partie de son œuvre concerne l occidentalisation du Japon (avant 1868) alors que la seconde concerne …   Wikipédia en Français

  • KAWATAKE MOKUAMI — (1816–1893)    Kawatake Mokuami, born Yoshimura Yoshisaburo, was a Japanese kabuki playwright whose prolific and varied works included short dance pieces, period plays (jidaimono), contemporary genre pieces (sewamono), tragedies and comedies, as… …   Japanese literature and theater

  • Kawatake Mokuami — orig. Yoshimura Yoshisaburo (1 mar. 1816, Edo, Japón–22 ene. 1893, Tokio). Dramaturgo japonés. Fue aprendiz del dramaturgo de kabuki Tsuruya Namboku V y en 1843 asumió como dramaturgo en jefe del teatro Kawarasaki. Fue reconocido por sus obras… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • MOKUAMI (KAWATAKE) — MOKUAMI KAWATAKE (1816 1893) L’un des meilleurs écrivains du XIXe siècle et l’un des trois plus grands hommes de théâtre du Japon, avec Zeami et Chikamatsu. Né à Edo (T 拏ky 拏) dans une modeste famille de petits commerçants de la ville basse… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • KAWATAKE SHINSHICHI III — (1842–1901)    Kawatake Shinshichi III was born in the Kanda district of Edo (now Tokyo) and became a leading pupil of kabuki playwright Kawatake Mokuami. Following his mentor’s death, he became the foremost Meiji playwright, with roughly 80… …   Japanese literature and theater

  • arts, East Asian — Introduction       music and visual and performing arts of China, Korea, and Japan. The literatures of these countries are covered in the articles Chinese literature, Korean literature, and Japanese literature.       Some studies of East Asia… …   Universalium

  • Japanese literature — Introduction       the body of written works produced by Japanese authors in Japanese or, in its earliest beginnings, at a time when Japan had no written language, in the Chinese classical language.       Both in quantity and quality, Japanese… …   Universalium

  • Benten Kozō — Infobox Play name = Aoto Zōshi Hana no Nishiki e 青砥稿花紅彩画 image size = 200px caption = Woodblock printed playbill image from the March 1862 premiere at the Ichimura za theatre in Edo, featuring actors Ichimura Uzaemon XIII (top/left), Nakamura… …   Wikipedia

  • Onoe Kikugorō V — 五代目 尾上菊五郎 Onoe Kikugorō V as Kamiyui Shinza, in the play Tsuyu Kosode Mukashi Hachijō . Born June 4, 1844(1844 06 04) …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”