Kalb, Johann

Kalb, Johann
born June 29, 1721, Hüttendorf, near Erlangen
died Aug. 19, 1780, Camden, S.C., U.S.

German army officer who fought in the American Revolution.

He served in a German regiment of the French infantry from 1743. In 1768 the French sent him on a secret mission to the American colonies to determine their attitude toward Britain. In 1776 he obtained a commission in the Continental Army. He reached Philadelphia in July 1777 and was eventually appointed a major general by the Continental Congress. He became a strong admirer of Gen. George Washington and served with him at Valley Forge. In 1780 he joined Gen. Horatio Gates at Camden, S.C., in an abortive attack on British forces. After Gates was driven from the field, Kalb fought on and was mortally wounded.

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▪ European military officer
byname  Baron de Kalb  
born June 29, 1721, Hüttendorf, near Erlangen [Germany]
died August 19, 1780, Camden, South Carolina, U.S.
 prominent German officer who fought for the Continental Army in the American Revolution.

      Of peasant antecedents, Kalb was schooled at Kriegenbronn and left home at age 16. He received his first military training in 1743 as a lieutenant in a German regiment of the French infantry, calling himself Jean de Kalb. After a number of years of outstanding service (notably in the War of the Austrian Succession (Austrian Succession, War of the) and the Seven Years' War), he was asked, in 1768, by the duc de Choiseul (Choiseul, Étienne-François de Choiseul, duc de), head of the French Foreign Ministry, to undertake a secret visit to the 13 British colonies in North America to ascertain their attitude toward Great Britain. His four-month investigation resulted in a number of detailed and astute reports. Eager to return to the New World after going back to Europe, Kalb in 1776 secured a promise of a commission in the Continental Army from Silas Deane (Deane, Silas), American commissioner to France. He reached Philadelphia in July 1777 and was eventually appointed a major general by the Continental Congress. He became a strong admirer of General George Washington (Washington, George) and served with him through the trying winter at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania. As second in command to the marquis de Lafayette (Lafayette, Marie-Joseph-Paul-Yves-Roch-Gilbert du Motier, marquis de), he participated in an abortive expedition against Canada (1778).

      In April 1780 Kalb was ordered from Morristown, New Jersey, to the relief of Charleston, South Carolina, but the city fell to the British while he was marching south. At Deep River, North Carolina, he was joined in July by General Horatio Gates (Gates, Horatio), commander of the southern department. Kalb urged an immediate attack, but Gates waited until the British forces knew of his presence and then on August 14 marched against them at Camden. The British drove Gates from the field, but Kalb remained in the battle and died five days later from wounds received there.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Kalb,Johann — Kalb (kălb, kälp), Johann. Known as “Baron de Kalb.” 1721 1780. German general in the American Revolution who wintered with George Washington at Valley Forge (1777 1778) and was mortally wounded at the Battle of Camden (1780). * * * …   Universalium

  • Kalb, Johann — (29 jun. 1721, Hüttendorf, cerca de Erlangen, Alemania–19 ago. 1780, Camden, S.C., EE.UU.). Oficial de ejército alemán que combatió en la guerra de independencia de los Estados Unidos de América. A partir de 1743 se desempeñó en un regimiento… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Johann von Kalb — Johann von Kalb, Illustration (1892) Johann Baron von Kalb (französisch Johann de Kalb; * 29. Juni 1721 in Hüttendorf (heute Ortsteil von Erlangen); † 19. August 1780 in Camden, South Carolina nach einer Verwundung) war ein deutsch amerikan …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Johann De Kalb — Johann Kalb Surnom Baron de Kalb Naissance 19 juin 1721 Hüttendorf (Allemagne) Mort au combat …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Johann de kalb — Johann Kalb Surnom Baron de Kalb Naissance 19 juin 1721 Hüttendorf (Allemagne) Mort au combat …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kalb — Johann de Kalb Johann Kalb Surnom Baron de Kalb Naissance 19 juin 1721 Hüttendorf (Allemagne) Mort au combat …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kalb — Johann see DE KALB Johann …   English World dictionary

  • Kalb [2] — Kalb, Johann, Baron von, General im amerik. Revolutionskriege, geb. 29. Juni 1721 zu Hüttendorf bei Bayreuth, 1743 63 in franz., seit 1777 in Diensten der amerik. Freistaaten, 16. Aug. 1780 bei Camden tödlich verwundet, gest. 19. Aug. das. –… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Johann Kalb — Dieser Artikel oder Abschnitt ist nicht hinreichend mit Belegen (Literatur, Webseiten oder Einzelnachweisen) versehen. Die fraglichen Angaben werden daher möglicherweise demnächst gelöscht. Hilf Wikipedia, indem du die Angaben recherchierst und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Johann de Kalb — Dieser Artikel oder Abschnitt ist nicht hinreichend mit Belegen (Literatur, Webseiten oder Einzelnachweisen) versehen. Die fraglichen Angaben werden daher möglicherweise demnächst gelöscht. Hilf Wikipedia, indem du die Angaben recherchierst und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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