Jones, James Earl

Jones, James Earl
born Jan. 17, 1931, Arkabutla, Miss., U.S.

U.S. actor.

He studied acting in New York City and made his Broadway debut in 1957. He was praised for his performance in Othello (1964) and in roles with the New York Shakespeare Festival (1961–73). He starred as the black boxer in The Great White Hope (1969, Tony Award; film, 1970). After returning to Broadway in Paul Robeson (1978) and Fences (1985, Tony Award), he starred in the television series Paris (1979–80) and Gabriel's Fire (1990–91, Emmy Award). He has appeared in numerous films; his sonorous voice lent gravity to the character of Darth Vader in Star Wars (1977) and its sequels and to the Mufasa role in The Lion King (1994).

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▪ American actor
born January 17, 1931, Arkabutla, Mississippi, U.S.
 American actor who made his name in leading stage roles in Shakespeare's Othello and in The Great White Hope, a play about the tragic career of the first black heavyweight boxing champion, loosely based on the life of Jack Johnson (Johnson, Jack). Beginning in the 1970s, he appeared frequently on television and in film.

      His father, the actor Robert Earl Jones, left his family before James Earl Jones was born, and the youth was raised largely by his grandparents in Michigan. He attended the University of Michigan (B.A., 1953), majoring in drama, and, after a brief stint in the U.S. Army, went to New York City, studying at the American Theatre Wing with Lee Strasberg (Strasberg, Lee). He acted in his first Off-Broadway production in 1957 and subsequently with the New York Shakespeare Festival in 1961–73. He won a Tony Award for his boxer role in Howard Sackler's The Great White Hope (1968) and later starred in the film version (1970). He received critical acclaim for the two-character stage play Paul Robeson (Robeson, Paul) (1978) and in the title role of Othello, opposite Christopher Plummer's Iago (1981–82).

      A part in the film Dr. Strangelove (1964) began a prolific career in pictures for Jones, whose roles included an evil ruler in the fantasy film Conan the Barbarian (1982), a coal miner fighting for the right to form a union in Matewan (1987), and an African king who lets his son (played by Eddie Murphy (Murphy, Eddie)) travel to the United States in the comedy Coming to America (1988). He appeared as Admiral James Greer in the film adaptations of Tom Clancy's novels about CIA agent Jack Ryan: The Hunt for Red October (1990), Patriot Games (1992), and Clear and Present Danger (1994). In 1995 he portrayed Rev. Stephen Kumalo in the film version of Alan Paton (Paton, Alan)'s classic novel Cry, the Beloved Country. Jones next starred opposite Robert Duvall (Duvall, Robert) in A Family Thing (1996). In 2008 he appeared as Big Daddy in a Broadway production of Tennessee Williams's Cat on a Hot Tin Roof that featured an all-black cast.

      Known for his deep, resonant voice, Jones was cast in many voice-over roles in television advertising and in films, both as a narrator and for animated characters. He is perhaps best known for giving voice to the villain Darth Vader in the Star Wars series of movies, which began in 1977. In 1994 he provided the voice of Mufasa in Disney's The Lion King.

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Universalium. 2010.

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