Indiana, Robert

Indiana, Robert
orig. Robert Clark

born Sept. 13, 1928, New Castle, Ind., U.S.

U.S. painter, sculptor, and graphic artist.

After studies at the Art Institute of Chicago, he settled in New York City and became a leading exponent of Pop art. He achieved wide recognition for paintings and prints featuring geometric shapes emblazoned with lettering and vivid colours. In 1964 he collaborated with Andy Warhol on the film Eat and was commissioned to produce an EAT sign for the New York pavilion at the New York World's Fair. His most famous image, LOVE, first lettered on canvas in 1965, became a universal symbol for the hippie generation.

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▪ American artist
original name  Robert Clark 
born Sept. 13, 1928, New Castle, Ind., U.S.
 
 American artist who was a central figure in the Pop art movement beginning in the 1960s.

      The artist spent his childhood in and around Indianapolis. After military service, he attended the School of the Art Institute of Chicago on the GI Bill, graduating in 1953 with a fellowship to study art in Edinburgh. Upon his return to the United States in 1954, he settled in New York City. In 1958 he changed his last name to Indiana, assuming what he called his “nom de brush” and acknowledging his roots in the American Midwest.

      Indiana began a series of paintings in 1961 with a bold sense of graphic design and an affinity for symmetry and the dynamics of American advertising, Sometimes critical of consumer tendencies or political excesses in American culture, Indiana's images combined stenciled text and numbers and hard-edged bright colour fields into compelling signs. His ever-popular Love design—first realized as a painting in 1966 and later created in many other media, including sculpture—became a Pop icon of the 1960s. On Valentine's Day, Feb. 14, 1973, the U.S. Postal Service issued Indiana's design as a commemorative stamp. Since 1978 Indiana has lived and worked in Vinalhaven, Maine.

Additional Reading
Susan Elizabeth Ryan, Robert Indiana: Figures of Speech (2000); Robert Hobbs, Robert Indiana: Complete Work (2004); John Wilmerding and Joachim Pissarro, Robert Indiana: The Artist and His Work, 1955–2005 (2006).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Indiana,Robert — Indiana, Robert. Born 1928. American pop artist known for his “Love” theme in paintings and sculpture. * * * …   Universalium

  • Indiana, Robert — orig. Robert Clark (n. 13 sep. 1928, New Castle, Ind., EE.UU.). Pintor, escultor y artista gráfico estadounidense. Luego de estudiar en el Instituto de Arte de Chicago, se instaló en la ciudad de Nueva York, y se convirtió en un líder del pop art …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Indiana, Robert — pseud. di Clark, Robert …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

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