Hunters' Lodges

Hunters' Lodges
Secret organization of Canadian rebels and U.S. adventurers dedicated to freeing Canada from British colonial rule.

It was formed after the failure of the 1837 rebellion and was concentrated in the northern U.S. border states. In 1838 two attempts to invade Upper Canada (now Ontario) were stopped by local British Canadian militia. Minor border raids continued until Pres. Martin Van Buren ordered the lodges disbanded in accordance with U.S. neutrality laws.

* * *

▪ American organization
      secret organization of Canadian rebels and American adventurers in the United States, dedicated to freeing Canada from British colonial rule. Formed after the failure of the Canadian Rebellion of 1837, the lodges were concentrated in the northern border states. Lodge members (numbering perhaps 80,000) launched two abortive invasions of Upper Canada (now in Ontario).

      On Nov. 11, 1838, about 400 lodge members crossed the St. Lawrence River at the village of Prescott, Ont. They were immediately engaged by local militia and a few regular troops. Many of the invaders escaped, but about half of them took refuge in a windmill, where they held out for five days before surrendering. About 30 of the invaders were killed in the battle and about 160 were made prisoners.

      On Dec. 4, 1838, the Hunters launched a second invasion, this time at Windsor, Ont. Again, they were quickly scattered by the militia, and a large number of them were captured. After a number of other minor border incidents and raids, the Lodges ceased to be active in the 1840s.

      Although they posed no threat to British rule in Canada, the Lodges' open defiance of U.S. neutrality laws—and local officials' refusal to enforce those laws—caused some tension in U.S.-British relations until President Martin Van Buren ordered the Lodges disbanded.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hunters' Lodges — Organización secreta de rebeldes canadienses y aventureros estadounidenses dedicada a liberar a Canadá del dominio colonial británico. Se formó después del fracaso de la rebelión de 1837 y se concentró en los estados fronterizos del norte de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Hunters' Lodges —    Mc Convention of, 440; attack on Prescott, 442 …   The makers of Canada

  • Upper Canada Rebellion — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Upper Canada Rebellion caption=Battle of Windmill date=7th December 1837 4th December 1838 place=Upper Canada (present day Ontario) casus= territory=Total defeat of the Rebels and the Hunters Lodges, unification …   Wikipedia

  • Frères chasseurs — The Frères chasseurs (French for Hunter Brothers, though they were also referred to as the Hunter Patriots and Hunters Lodges) were a paramilitary organization that fought in the Patriote Rebellion on the Patriote side, seeking to make Lower… …   Wikipedia

  • lodge — lodgeable, adj. /loj/, n., v., lodged, lodging. n. 1. a small, makeshift or crude shelter or habitation, as of boughs, poles, skins, earth, or rough boards; cabin or hut. 2. a house used as a temporary residence, as in the hunting season. 3. a… …   Universalium

  • Nils von Schoultz — (October 7, 1807 – December 8, 1838) was a Finnish born Swedish national who helped lead the Battle of the Windmill during the Upper Canada Rebellion in 1838. Von Schoultz was born Nils Gustaf Ulric in October 1807 in Finland[1] and during the… …   Wikipedia

  • Lodge — /loj/, n. 1. Henry Cabot, 1850 1924, U.S. public servant and author: senator 1893 1924. 2. his grandson, Henry Cabot, Jr., 1902 85, U.S. journalist, statesman, and diplomat. 3. Sir Oliver Joseph, 1851 1940, English physicist and writer. 4. Thomas …   Universalium

  • Battle of Pelee Island — Plaque commemorating Pelee Island BattleInfobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Pelee Island partof=the Upper Canada Rebellion date=March 3, 1838 place=Pelee Island, Upper Canada result=Decisive British victory combatant1=flagicon|USA… …   Wikipedia

  • Invasion of Canada — The Invasion of Canada may refer to several events in history.*The British and French colonial empires contested Canada through several wars::*King George s War (1740–1748) :*The French and Indian War (1754–1763)*The United States invaded Canada… …   Wikipedia

  • Military history of Canada — This article is part of a series Conflicts …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”