Hunter River

Hunter River
River, eastern New South Wales, Australia.

Rising in the Mount Royal Range of the Eastern Highlands, it flows southwest through the Glenbawn Reservoir and past Denman. There, joined by its major tributary, the Goulburn River, the Hunter turns southeast, entering the Tasman Sea at Newcastle after a course of 287 mi (462 km). Its estuary forms one of the state's largest harbours.

* * *

 river in east-central New South Wales, Australia, rising in the Mount Royal Range of the Eastern Highlands and flowing generally southwest through Glenbawn Reservoir (for flood mitigation and irrigation) and past Muswellbrook and Denman. There, joined by its major tributary, the Goulburn River, the Hunter turns southeast to flow by Singleton, Maitland, Morpeth, and Raymond Terrace, entering the Tasman Sea at Newcastle after a course of 287 miles (462 km). Its drainage basin is approximately 8,500 square miles (22,000 square km), and its estuarine mouth forms one of the state's largest harbours at Newcastle. Cessnock, Kurri Kurri, Murrundi, and Scone are major valley towns but do not directly border the river, which is also fed by the Williams and Paterson rivers and Wollombi Brook.

      Visited in 1791 by convicts, who called it the Coal River, it was renamed in 1797 for John Hunter (colonial governor, 1795–1800). The coal outcrops found by these early visitors were being worked by 1800. The most important mines are in the Singleton–Muswellbrook–Denman “triangle,” but the mines on the lower river between Cessnock and Maitland were important in establishing the Newcastle iron and steel industry. Six major thermal electricity generating plants in the area make it a major exporter of power to other parts of the state. The valley also supports diverse agriculture, including fruit orchards and wine vineyards. Cattle, sheep, and horses graze the upper valley, where timber is also cut. The riverine flats of the middle and lower reaches below Singleton are devoted to dairying and forage crops—corn (maize), hay, and lucerne (alfalfa). Poultry raising is the largest agricultural industry in the area, followed by beef production. Overcutting of timber has contributed to severe flooding, and control measures, such as Glenbawn Dam (1958), have been installed. Erratic seasonal changes in its level seriously limit navigation on the Hunter, but its valley is served by a rail line and two highways to Sydney.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hunter River — bezeichnet einen Fluss in Neuseeland, siehe Hunter River (Neuseeland) einen Fluss in New South Wales, Australien, siehe Hunter River (New South Wales) einen Fluss in Western Australia, Australien, siehe Hunter River (Western Australia) einen Ort… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hunter River —   [ hʌntə rɪvə], Fluss im Osten des Bundesstaates New South Wales, Australien, 465 km lang; entspringt in der Great Dividing Range, mündet bei Newcastle in den Pazifischen Ozean. Sein Tal (Hunter Valley) ist ein wichtiges Landwirtschaftsgebiet:… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Hunter River — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Hunter. Hunter River Administration Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hunter River (New South Wales) — Hunter River Schiff an der Mündung des Hunter River bei NewcastleVorlage:Infobox Fluss/KARTE fehlt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hunter River (disambiguation) — Hunter River may mean the following rivers: *Hunter River, New South Wales, Australia *Hunter River, New Zealand *Hunter River (Prince Edward Island) Canadian river **Hunter River, Prince Edward Island community on Hunter River …   Wikipedia

  • Hunter River (New South Wales) — and winter maxima around .Except for the driest parts of Tasmania and a small area of the Monaro between Cooma and Nimmitabel, the Hunter Valley is the southern limit of rich black earths (actually black cracking clays). These are the only soils… …   Wikipedia

  • Hunter River (Prince Edward Island) — The Hunter River, also known as the Clyde River, is a Canadian river in northwestern Queens County, Prince Edward Island.From its source near Hartsville, the river flows northerly, becoming a tidal estuary at New Glasgow, an arm of Rustico Bay… …   Wikipedia

  • Hunter River, Prince Edward Island — Infobox Settlement official name = PAGENAME other name = native name = nickname = settlement type = Township motto = imagesize = image caption = flag size = image seal size = image shield = shield size = city logo = citylogo size = pushpin… …   Wikipedia

  • 12th/16th Hunter River Lancers — Infobox Military Unit unit name=12th/16th Hunter River Lancers caption= dates=1948–current country=Australia allegiance= branch=Army Reserve type=Light Horse role=Light Armoured size=One Regiment command structure=Royal Australian Armoured Corps… …   Wikipedia

  • Hunter-Wetlands-Nationalpark — Hunter Wetlands Nationalpark …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”