Hugo, Victor (-Marie)

Hugo, Victor (-Marie)
born Feb. 26, 1802, Besançon, France
died May 22, 1885, Paris

French poet, dramatist, and novelist.

The son of a general, he was an accomplished poet before age 20. With his verse drama Cromwell (1827), he emerged as an important figure in Romanticism. The production of his poetic tragedy Hernani (1830) was a victory for Romantics over traditional classicists in a well-known literary battle. His later plays included Le Roi s'amuse (1832) and Ruy Blas (1838). His best-known novels are The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1831), an evocation of medieval life, and Les Misérables (1862), the story of the convict Jean Valjean; their huge popularity made him at that time the most successful writer in the world. In later life he was a politician and political writer. He spent the years 1851–70 in exile for his republican views, producing his most extensive and original works, including Les Châtiments (1853), poems of political satire; Les Contemplations (1856); and the first installment of The Legend of the Centuries (1859, 1877, 1883). He was made a senator in 1876, and he was buried in the Panthéon as a national hero.

Victor Hugo, photograph by Nadar (Gaspard-Félix Tournachon).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Hugo,Victor Marie — Hu·go (hyo͞oʹgō, ü gōʹ), Victor Marie. 1802 1885. French writer who went into exile after Napoleon III seized power (1851), returning to France in 1870. His novels include The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1831) and Les Misérables (1862). * * * …   Universalium

  • Hugo, Victor (-Marie) — (26 feb. 1802, Besançon, Francia–22 may. 1885, París). Poeta, dramaturgo y novelista francés. Hijo de un general, ya era un poeta de tomo y lomo antes de cumplir los 20 años. Su drama en verso Cromwell (1827) lo convirtió en figura importante del …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Hugo, Victor Marie, Vicomte — (1802 1885)    The French poet, dramatist, and novelist Victor Hugo fled to Brussels in December 1851 disguised as a workman and bearing a false passport, a committed opponent of Louis Napoléon. He wrote L Histoire d un crime (The story of a… …   Historical Dictionary of Brussels

  • HUGO, VICTOR-MARIE —    a famous French poet and novelist, born at Besançon; as a boy he accompanied his father, a general in Joseph Bonaparte s army, through the campaigns in Italy and Spain; at 14 he produced a tragedy, and six years later appeared his Odes et… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Hugo Victor — Victor Hugo Pour les articles homonymes, voir Hugo et Victor Hugo (homonymie) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Victor-Marie Hugo — Victor Hugo Pour les articles homonymes, voir Hugo et Victor Hugo (homonymie) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Victor Marie Hugo — Victor Hugo Pour les articles homonymes, voir Hugo et Victor Hugo (homonymie) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hugo, Victor — Hugo, Victor, Victor, das Haupt der romantischen Schule, einer der genialsten Dichter Frankreichs, dessen herrliche Werke in der französischen Poesie eine neue Aera begonnen haben, wurde am 26. Febr. 1892 geb., kräftigte seine Jugend unter… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Hugo, Victor — ▪ French writer Introduction in full  Victor Marie Hugo  born Feb. 26, 1802, Besançon, Fr. died May 22, 1885, Paris  poet, novelist, and dramatist who was the most important of the French Romantic writers. Though regarded in France as one of that …   Universalium

  • Victor-Marie Hugo — noun French poet and novelist and dramatist; leader of the romantic movement in France (1802 1885) • Syn: ↑Hugo, ↑Victor Hugo • Instance Hypernyms: ↑poet, ↑novelist, ↑dramatist, ↑playwright …   Useful english dictionary

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