Houseman, John

Houseman, John
orig. Jacques Haussmann

born Sept. 22, 1902, Bucharest, Rom.
died Oct. 31, 1988, Malibu, Calif., U.S.

Romanian-born U.S. producer and actor.

Educated in England, in 1924 he immigrated to the U.S. In 1934 he directed the opera Four Saints in Three Acts, and three years later he and Orson Welles founded the Mercury Theatre. After moving to Hollywood in the 1940s he produced 19 films, including Letter from an Unknown Woman (1948), They Live by Night (1949), and Lust for Life (1956). He also produced and directed Broadway plays and TV specials (winning three Emmy Awards) and directed the American Shakespeare Festival. His most notable acting role was in the film The Paper Chase (1973, Academy Award) and the later TV series of the same name.

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▪ American actor and producer
original name  Jacques Haussmann 
born Sept. 22, 1902, Bucharest, Rom.
died Oct. 31, 1988, Malibu, Calif., U.S.
 American stage, film, radio, and television producer who is perhaps best known for his later career as a character actor.

      As a child, Houseman traveled throughout Europe with his British mother and Alsatian father. He was educated in England and immigrated to the United States in 1924. His first major job in the theatre was as director of Virgil Thomson's opera Four Saints in Three Acts in 1934. The following year he organized, with Orson Welles (Welles, Orson), the Negro Theatre Project, a part of the Works Progress Administration's Federal Theatre Project. In 1937 he and Welles formed the Mercury Theatre, which achieved success both on Broadway and on radio. Houseman served as both writer and producer for the company.

      In the 1940s Houseman moved to Hollywood, where he produced 19 feature films, including Letter from an Unknown Woman (1948), They Live by Night (1949), The Bad and the Beautiful (1952), Julius Caesar (1953), and Lust for Life (1956). He continued to produce and direct plays on Broadway, and in the 1950s he worked as a producer for CBS-TV. He also served as artistic director for, among others, the American Shakespeare Festival, the Professional Theatre Group at the University of California at Los Angeles, the drama division of the Juilliard School, and the Acting Company, a touring repertory group that he cofounded.

      In 1973 Houseman portrayed a caustic, imperious law-school professor in The Paper Chase, a film directed by his former apprentice James Bridges. His performance earned him an Academy Award, and he became identified with the character, appearing in similar roles in numerous other films and television programs. He published several volumes of memoirs, including Run Through (1972), Front and Center (1979), and Final Dress (1983).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Houseman, John — orig. Jacques Haussmann (22 sep. 1902, Bucarest, Rumania–31 oct. 1988, Malibú, Cal., EE.UU.). Productor y actor estadounidense de origen rumano. Fue educado en Inglaterra, y en 1924 emigró a EE.UU. En 1934 dirigió la ópera Cuatro santos en tres… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • John Houseman — (* 22. September 1902 in Bukarest, Rumänien; † 31. Oktober 1988 in Malibu, Kalifornien, USA; eigentlich Jacques Haussmann) war ein US amerikanisch britischer Film und Theaterschauspieler, s …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Houseman — Infobox Actor caption = John Houseman, May 1979, at the National Film Society convention in Los Angeles birthname = Jacques Haussmann birthdate = birth date|1902|9|22 birthplace = Bucharest, Romania deathdate = death date and… …   Wikipedia

  • John Houseman — Para jugador de béisbol, véase John Houseman (beisbolista). John Houseman Nombre real Jacques Haussmann Nacimiento 22 de septiembre de 1902 …   Wikipedia Español

  • john — /jon/, n. Slang. 1. a toilet or bathroom. 2. (sometimes cap.) a fellow; guy. 3. (sometimes cap.) a prostitute s customer. [generic use of the proper name] * * * I known as John Lackland born Dec. 24, 1167, Oxford, Eng. died Oct. 18/19, 1216,… …   Universalium

  • John — /jon/, n. 1. the apostle John, believed to be the author of the fourth Gospel, three Epistles, and the book of Revelation. 2. See John the Baptist. 3. (John Lackland) 1167? 1216, king of England 1199 1216; signer of the Magna Carta 1215 (son of… …   Universalium

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  • John Houseman (beisbolista) — John Franklin Houseman (Países Bajos, 10 de enero de 1870 Chicago, Estados Unidos, 4 de noviembre de 1922) fue un beisbolista profesional que jugó en la Major League Baseball. Houseman jugaba de infielder y fue el primer neerlandés que jugó en la …   Wikipedia Español

  • HOUSEMAN (Hauseman), JOHN — (1902–1988), U.S. theatrical producer and director. Born in Bucharest, the son of a Jewish father and English mother, Houseman began his career in the U.S. theater in 1934. His productions include Four Saints in Three Acts (1934), Valley Forge… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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