Horta, Victor, Baron

Horta, Victor, Baron
born Jan. 6, 1861, Ghent, Belg.
died Sept. 8, 1947, Brussels

Belgian architect.

From 1892 he designed numerous buildings in Brussels, becoming a leading exponent of the Art Nouveau style. His Hôtel Tassel (1892–93) was a pioneering example of the new style. His chief work was the Maison du Peuple (1896–99), the first structure in Belgium to have a largely iron-and-glass facade. From 1912 he directed the Académie des Beaux-Arts, and he designed the Palais des Beaux-Arts (1922–28).

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▪ Belgian architect
born Jan. 6, 1861, Ghent
died Sept. 8, 1947, Brussels

      an outstanding architect of the Art Nouveau style, who ranks with Henry van de Velde and Paul Hankar as a pioneer of modern Belgian architecture.

      Trained at the Académie des Beaux-Arts in Brussels, 1876–81, Horta became a pupil of the Neoclassical architect Alphonse Balat. His first independent building, the four-storied Hôtel Tassel in Brussels (1892–93), was among the first continental examples of Art Nouveau, although it incorporated Neo-Gothic and Neo-Rococo stylistic elements. An important feature was its octagonal hall with a staircase leading to various levels. The curved line, characteristic of the Art Nouveau style, was used on the facade and also in the interior. Other buildings in Brussels in his rich, elegant style are Hôtel Solvay (1895–1900), notable for the plastic treatment of its facade, and Hôtel Winssingers (1895–96), as well as his own house on the rue Américaine (1898). His chief work is the Maison du Peuple, Brussels (1896–99), which was the first structure in Belgium to have a largely iron and glass facade. In its auditorium the iron roof beams are both structural and decorative.

      After 1900 Horta simplified his style, using decoration more sparingly and eliminating exposed iron. In 1912 he became the director of the academy and designed the Palais des Beaux-Arts (1922–28) in a simple and severe classical style; his last major undertaking was the central railway station in Brussels, begun just before World War II.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Horta, Victor, barón — (6 ene. 1861, Gante, Bélgica–8 sep. 1947, Bruselas). Arquitecto belga. Desde 1892 diseñó numerosos edificios en Bruselas, convirtiéndose en uno de los principales exponentes del estilo art nouveau. Su diseño para el Hotel Tassel (1892–93) fue un… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Horta, Victor Pierre — (1861 1947)    Victor Horta was born in Ghent on 6 January 1861. He studied in Ghent and spent more than a year in Paris before returning to Belgium on his father s death in June 1880. He settled in Brussels, where he won the gold medal of the… …   Historical Dictionary of Brussels

  • Víctor — (del lat. «victor», vencedor) m. e interj. Vítor. * * * víctor. (Del lat. victor, vencedor). interj. vítor. U. t. c. s. * * * Víctor, san ► Nombre de varios papas y antipapas. ► Víctor I, san (m. 199) Pontífice romano en 189 199. Combatió el… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Horta — (Victor, baron) (1861 1947) architecte belge, représentant de l art nouveau et précurseur du fonctionnalisme; auteur de mobiliers. Plusieurs de ses constructions furent détruites (Maison du peuple 1896 1900, et magasins Innovation, à Bruxelles).… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • baron — /bar euhn/, n. 1. a member of the lowest grade of nobility. 2. (in Britain) a. a feudal vassal holding his lands under a direct grant from the king. b. a direct descendant of such a vassal or his equal in the nobility. c. a member of the House of …   Universalium

  • Baron — /bann rddawonn /, n. Michel /mee shel /, (Michel Boyron), 1653 1729, French actor. * * * I Title of nobility, ranking in modern times immediately below a viscount or a count (in countries without viscounts). The wife of a baron is a baroness.… …   Universalium

  • Barón — (Probablemente del germ. *baro, hombre libre.) ► sustantivo 1 Título nobiliario que, en España, sigue en importancia al de vizconde. 2 POLÍTICA Persona importante y poderosa de un partido político: ■ se convirtió en el barón que catapultó la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • victor — /vik teuhr/, n. 1. a person who has overcome or defeated an adversary; conqueror. 2. a winner in any struggle or contest. 3. a word used in communications to represent the letter V. [1300 50; ME < L, equiv. to vic , var. s. of vincere to conquer… …   Universalium

  • Victor — /vik teuhr/, n. 1. an ancient Roman epithet variously applied to Jupiter, Mars, and Hercules. 2. Mil. the NATO name for a class of nuclear powered Soviet attack submarines. 3. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Berger Victor Louis… …   Universalium

  • Baron Horta — Victor Horta Pour les articles homonymes, voir Horta. Victor Horta Na …   Wikipédia en Français

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