Hooch, Pieter de

Hooch, Pieter de
or Pieter de Hoogh

(baptized Dec. 20, 1629, Rotterdam, Neth.
died с 1684, Amsterdam?) Dutch genre painter.

He trained in Haarlem and was a member of the painters' guild of Delft (1655–57). In style and subject matter, his work is similar to that of Johannes Vermeer; he was noted for his small interiors and sunny outdoor scenes, with figures engaged in humble, domestic activities in settings of serene simplicity. In his best works, he was concerned with the effect of enclosures on light intensity, tonal variations, and linear perspective. After he moved to Amsterdam (с 1661), his paintings increased in quantity but declined in quality. He died in a mental institution.

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▪ Dutch painter
Hooch also spelled  Hoogh  or  Hooghe 
baptized Dec. 20, 1629, Rotterdam, Neth.
buried March 24, 1684, Amsterdam
 Dutch genre painter of the Delft school, noted for his interior scenes and masterful use of light.

      De Hooch was a pupil of Claes Berchem (Berchem, Nicolaes Pietersz) at Haarlem. From 1653 he was in the service of Justus de Grange and lived in Delft, The Hague, and Leiden. He was a member of the painters' guild of Delft from 1654 to 1657, but after that date there are no traces of his career until about 1667, when his presence was recorded in Amsterdam.

 His work, both in style and subject matter, shows some affinity with that of Johannes Vermeer (Vermeer, Johannes), who was living in Delft at the same time. His paintings, like Vermeer's, are small works that display perfect finish and a great power of compositional discrimination. Though he sometimes painted open-air scenes—e.g., A Woman and Her Maid in a Court (1658)—and tavern genres—e.g., Backgammon Players (c. 1653)—he more typically painted two or three figures occupied with humble daily duties in a sober interior, the still atmosphere of which is broken only by the radiant entry of outdoor light illuminating the scene—e.g., The Pantry (c. 1658), A Mother Beside a Cradle (c. 1659–60), and At the Linen Closet (1663). These depictions of the serene simplicity of Dutch domestic life are free of sentimentality. Largely done between about 1655 and 1663 while de Hooch was living in Delft, they are considered his best works. In them he was preoccupied with the relation of light to different surfaces, the effect of enclosures and apertures on light intensity, the variation of tone, the complex arrangement of spatial units, and linear perspective.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • HOOCH (P. de) — HOOCH PIETER DE (1629 1684) Né à Rotterdam dans un milieu assez humble, mort à Amsterdam, Pieter De Hooch est, comme ses contemporains Vermeer et Gérard Ter Boch, le peintre de l’intimité bourgeoise. Selon Houbraken, il a été formé à Haarlem dans …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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  • Pieter de Hoogh — Die Goldwägerin, um 1664 Pieter de Hooch (getauft am 20. Dezember 1629 in Rotterdam; beerdigt am 24. März 1684 in Amsterdam) war ein niederländischer Maler des Barock. Sein Schaffen fiel in die Zeit des Goldenen Zeitalters, in denen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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