Hayworth, Rita

Hayworth, Rita
orig. Margarita Carmen Cansino

born Oct. 17, 1918, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S.
died May 14, 1987, New York City

U.S. film actress.

She danced with her father in nightclubs from age 12 and played bit parts in films from 1935. She cultivated a sophisticated glamour in Only Angels Have Wings (1939), Strawberry Blonde (1941), and Blood and Sand (1941). The musicals You'll Never Get Rich (1941), You Were Never Lovelier (1942), and Cover Girl (1944) made her a star and a favourite pinup of U.S. GIs during World War II. Her worldly, erotic role in Gilda (1946) confirmed her status in Hollywood as "the Love Goddess." Her later films include The Lady from Shanghai (1948), Pal Joey (1957), and Separate Tables (1958).

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▪ American actress
original name  Margarita Carmen Cansino  
born October 17, 1918, Brooklyn, New York, U.S.
died May 14, 1987, New York, New York

      American motion-picture actress and dancer who rose to glamorous stardom in the 1940s and '50s.

      The daughter of Spanish-born dancer Eduardo Cansino and his partner, Volga Haworth, Hayworth as a child worked as a professional dancer with her parents' nightclub act. While still a teenager, she appeared on-screen under her given name of Rita Cansino in films such as Charlie Chan in Egypt (1935), Dante's Inferno (1935), and Meet Nero Wolfe (1936). On the advice of her first husband, Edward Judson (who became her manager), she changed her name and dyed her hair auburn, cultivating a sophisticated glamour that first registered with her role as an unfaithful wife who tries to seduce Cary Grant (Grant, Cary) in Only Angels Have Wings (1939).

      After a few inconsequential films, Hayworth gradually rose to the rank of star, playing femmes fatales in quality melodramas such as The Lady in Question (1940), Blood and Sand (1941), and The Strawberry Blonde (1941). Her dancing skills were well-showcased opposite Fred Astaire (Astaire, Fred) (who in later years cited Hayworth as his favourite dance partner) in You'll Never Get Rich (1941) and You Were Never Lovelier (1942) and with Gene Kelly (Kelly, Gene) in Cover Girl (1944), a film that helped establish both Hayworth and Kelly among the top stars of the day. It was also during this time that she became a favourite pinup of American servicemen; her publicity still, depicting the lingerie-clad Hayworth kneeling seductively on a bed, became an indelible image of World War II.

      The definitive Hayworth film is undoubtedly Gilda (1946), in which she appeared opposite Glenn Ford, her frequent costar. A classic of film noir, Gilda featured Hayworth as the quintessential “noir woman,” a duplicitous temptress and an abused victim in equal measure. A daring, quirky film for its time, Gilda was rife with sexually suggestive imagery and dialogue (such as Hayworth's “If I'd have been a ranch, they would have called me the Bar Nothing”) and featured Hayworth's striptease to the song "Put the Blame on Mame," perhaps the actress's most famous film scene. Two years later, Hayworth starred in another film noir classic, The Lady from Shanghai (1948). Directed by Hayworth's then-husband, Orson Welles (Welles, Orson), it is perhaps the most labyrinthine film in the genre, Hayworth's portrayal of a cynical seductress is one of her most praised performances. It was also about this time that Life magazine dubbed Hayworth “The Love Goddess,” an appellation that, much to the actress's chagrin, would remain with her for life.

      Never comfortable with fame or the trappings of a celebrity life, Hayworth was absent from films during her marriage (1949–51) to Prince Aly Khan. Although several of her dramatic performances in films of the 1950s are among her most praised—in particular Affair in Trinidad (1952), Salome (1953), Miss Sadie Thompson (1953), Pal Joey (1957), Separate Tables (1958), and They Came to Cordura (1959)—Hayworth grew increasingly frustrated with the acting profession. This frustration, coupled with another failed, stressful marriage (to singer Dick Haymes), caused her to become increasingly cynical and to display a sense of detachment from her work. Her film appearances became increasingly sporadic throughout the 1960s, and she appeared in her final film, The Wrath of God, in 1972.

      Rumours of Hayworth's erratic and drunken behaviour began to circulate during the late 1960s, and her attempt to launch a Broadway career in the early '70s was stifled by her inability to remember lines. In truth, Hayworth was suffering from the early stages of Alzheimer disease, although she would not be officially diagnosed with the condition until 1980. The publicity surrounding Hayworth's battle was a catalyst for increasing national awareness of the disease and for bringing about federal funding for Alzheimer research.

Additional Reading
Barbara Leaming, If This Was Happiness: A Biography of Rita Hayworth (1989); Gene Ringgold, The Films of Rita Hayworth: The Legend and Career of a Love Goddess (1974; also published as The Complete Films of Rita Hayworth, 1991).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Hayworth, Rita — • ХЕ ЙУОРТ, Хейворт (Hayworth) Рита (наст. имя и фам. Маргарита Кармен Кансино, Cansino) (p. 17.10.1918)    амер. актриса. Была эстрадной танцовщицей в Мексике. В кино с 1935 (ф. Дантов ад ). В 40 е гг. стала одной из популярных звёзд Голливуда,… …   Кино: Энциклопедический словарь

  • Hayworth,Rita — Hay·worth (hāʹwûrth ), Rita. Originally Margarita Carmen Cansino. 1918 1987. American actress and dancer known for her glamour and sex appeal. Her films include Cover Girl (1944) and Gilda (1946). * * * …   Universalium

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  • Rita Hayworth — 1942 Rita Hayworth (* 17. Oktober 1918 in New York, USA; † 14. Mai 1987 ebenda; eigentlich Margarita Carmen Cansino) war eine US amerikanische Schauspielerin und Tänzerin. Ihre Fans gaben ihr in den 1940er Jahren, in denen sie ihre größten… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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