Hayes, Rutherford B(irchard)
- Hayes, Rutherford B(irchard)
born Oct. 4, 1822, Delaware, Ohio, U.S.
died Jan. 17, 1893, Fremont, Ohio
19th president of the U.S. (1877–81).
He practiced law in Cincinnati, Ohio, where he represented defendants in several fugitive-slave cases and became associated with the new Republican Party. After fighting in the Union army in the American Civil War
, he served in the U.S. House of Representatives (1865–67). As governor of Ohio (1868–72, 1875–76), he advocated a sound currency backed by gold. In 1876 he won the Republican nomination for president. His opponent, Samuel Tilden, won a larger popular vote, but the Hayes campaign contested the electoral-vote returns in four states, and a special Electoral Commission
awarded the election to Hayes. As part of a secret compromise reached with Southerners during the electoral dispute (see Wormley Conference
), Hayes withdrew the remaining federal troops from the South, ending Reconstruction
, and promised not to interfere with elections there, ensuring the return of white supremacy. His decision to introduce civil-service reform based on merit provoked a dispute with Roscoe Conkling and the conservative "stalwart" Republicans. At the request of state governors, Hayes used federal troops against railroad strikers in 1877. Declining to run for a second term, he retired to work for humanitarian causes.
Rutherford B. Hayes, 1877.
Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
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Hayes, Rutherford B(irchard) — (4 oct. 1822, Delaware, Ohio, EE.UU.–17 ene. 1893, Fremont, Ohio). Décimo noveno presidente de EE.UU. (1877–81). Ejerció la abogacía en Cincinnati, Ohio, donde representó a los demandados en varios juicios de esclavos prófugos y tomó contacto con … Enciclopedia Universal
Hayes — Hayes, Rutherford Birchard * * * (as used in expressions) Hayes, Bob Robert Lee Hayes Hayes (Brown), Helen Hayes, Rutherford B(irchard) … Enciclopedia Universal
Hayes — [hāz] 1. Helen (born Helen Hayes Brown) 1900 93; U.S. actress 2. Rutherford B(irchard) [ruth′ər fərd] 1822 93; 19th president of the U.S. (1877 81) … English World dictionary
Hayes — noun 1. acclaimed actress of stage and screen (1900 1993) • Syn: ↑Helen Hayes • Instance Hypernyms: ↑actress 2. 19th President of the United States; his administration removed federal troops from the South and so ended the Reconstruction Period… … Useful english dictionary
Hayes — /hayz/, n. 1. Carlton J(oseph) H(untley), 1882 1964, U.S. historian, educator, and diplomat. 2. Helen (Helen Hayes Brown MacArthur), 1900 93, U.S. actress. 3. Roland, 1887 1977, U.S. tenor. 4. Rutherford B(irchard) /berr cheuhrd/, 1822 93,… … Universalium
Hayes — I. biographical name Helen 1900 1993 Helen Hayes Brown American actress II. biographical name Isaac Israel 1832 1881 American arctic explorer III. biographical name Roland 1887 1977 American tenor IV. biographical name Rutherford B(irchard) 1822… … New Collegiate Dictionary
Hayes — [[t]heɪz[/t]] n. 1) big Helen(Helen Hayes Brown MacArthur), 1900–93, U.S. actress 2) big Rutherford B(irchard), 1822–93, 19th president of the U.S. 1877–81 … From formal English to slang
Хейс Ратерфорд Б(ёрчард) — (Hayes, Rutherford B(irchard)) (1822 93), 19 й президент США (1877 81). Быв. виг из Огайо, юрист по образованию, X. был членом Палаты представителей от республиканцев (1865 67). Стал президентом после спорных, полных нарушений выборов 1876 г.… … Всемирная история