Hall, Radclyffe

Hall, Radclyffe
orig. Marguerite Radclyffe-Hall

born Aug. 12, 1880, Bournemouth, Hampshire, Eng.
died Oct. 7, 1943, London

English writer.

Born to a wealthy family and educated at King's College, London, Hall began her literary career by writing verses, which eventually were collected into five volumes. She won prizes for her novel Adam's Breed (1926), a plea for animal rights. She was condemned for writing openly and sympathetically about lesbianism in The Well of Loneliness (1928), one of the first lesbian novels in English. It was judged obscene and banned in Britain; the ban was overturned on appeal after Hall's death. Most of her five other novels express her strong Christian beliefs.

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▪ British author
byname of  Marguerite Radclyffe-hall  
born Aug. 12, 1880, Bournemouth, Hampshire, Eng.
died Oct. 7, 1943, London
 English writer whose novel The Well of Loneliness (1928) created a scandal and was banned for a time in Britain for its treatment of lesbianism.

      Hall was educated at King's College, London, and then attended school in Germany. She began her literary career by writing verses, which were later collected into five volumes of poetry. The Blind Ploughman, one of her best-known poems, was set to music by Conigsby Clarke. By 1924 she had written her first two novels, The Forge and The Unlit Lamp. The latter book was her first to treat lesbian love. Adam's Breed (1926), a sensitive novel about the life of a restaurant keeper, won the coveted Prix Fémina and the 1927 James Tait Black Memorial Prize for fiction.

      Hall's fame turned to notoriety with the publication of The Well of Loneliness, in which she explored in detail the attachment between a young girl and an older woman. The intense and earnest love story was condemned by the British, and a London magistrate, Sir Chartres Biron, ruled that although the book was dignified and restrained, it presented an appeal to “decent people” to not only recognize lesbianism but also understand that the person so afflicted was not at fault. He judged the book an “obscene libel” and ordered all copies of it destroyed. Later, a decree handed down in a U.S. court disagreed with Biron, finding that discussion of homosexuality was not in itself obscene. The British ban on The Well of Loneliness was eventually overturned on appeal after Hall's death.

      Although Hall was vindicated by the American verdict, she did not write any other controversial novels. Among her following works are Twixt Earth and Stars: Poems (1906), Songs of Three Counties and Other Poems (1913), The Master of the House (1932), and The Sixth Beatitude (1936). A novel on which she was working in her declining years was destroyed, at her request, after her death.

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  • Radclyffe Hall — (eigentlich Marguerite Radclyffe Hall, * 12. August 1880 in Bournemouth, Dorset; † 7. Oktober 1943 in Dolphin Square, Pimlico, London[1]) war eine britische Dichterin und Schriftstellerin. Sie schrieb unter anderem acht Romane, darunter den… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • hall — /hawl/, n. 1. a corridor or passageway in a building. 2. the large entrance room of a house or building; vestibule; lobby. 3. a large room or building for public gatherings; auditorium: convention hall; concert hall. 4. a large building for… …   Universalium

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  • Hall — (Voz inglesa.) ► sustantivo masculino Pieza interior de una vivienda o de un edificio inmediata a la puerta de entrada: ■ el mayordomo nos hizo esperar en el hall. IRREG. plural halls tb:vestíbulo * * * hall (ingl.; pronunc. [jol]) m. *Vestíbulo …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • hall — (Voz inglesa.) ► sustantivo masculino Pieza interior de una vivienda o de un edificio inmediata a la puerta de entrada: ■ el mayordomo nos hizo esperar en el hall. IRREG. plural halls tb:vestíbulo * * * hall (ingl.; pronunc. [jol]) m. *Vestíbulo …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Radclyffe Hall — Radclyffe Hall, née Marguerite Radclyffe Hall le 12 août 1880 à Bournemouth et morte le 7 octobre 1943, est une poétesse et romancière britannique, auteur de huit romans, dont le roman lesbien Le Puits de solitude. Sommaire 1… …   Wikipédia en Français

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