- Grove, Sir George
born Aug. 13, 1820, London, Eng.died May 28, 1900, LondonBritish musicologist.He was trained as a civil engineer, and he erected lighthouses in Jamaica and Bermuda. He became secretary of the Crystal Palace in 1852, and he would write program notes for its concerts for 40 years. His extensive contributions to William Smith's Dictionary of the Bible led to his establishing the Palestine Exploration Fund in 1865. He served as editor of Macmillan's Magazine (1868–83). In 1873 he began work on his four-volume Dictionary of Music and Musicians; expanded to 20 volumes in subsequent editions, it is today the world's foremost music encyclopedia. He served as first director of the Royal College of Music (1883–92), an institution he was largely responsible for placing on a firm professional and physical foundation.
* * *▪ British writerborn Aug. 13, 1820, Londondied May 28, 1900, LondonEnglish writer on music famous for his multivolume Dictionary of Music and Musicians.Grove began his career as a civil engineer and became secretary to the Society of Arts in 1850 and to the Crystal Palace in 1852. He collaborated with William Smith in his Dictionary of the Bible and was largely responsible for organizing the Palestine Exploration Fund in 1865. From 1856 to 1896 he wrote analytical notes for the Crystal Palace concerts; marked by enthusiasm, insight, and thoroughness, these established a standard in program commentary. In 1867 he visited Vienna with the composer Sir Arthur Sullivan and discovered the manuscripts for Schubert's Rosamunde. He was editor of Macmillan's Magazine from 1868 to 1883. During the years 1879–89 his Dictionary was published; in addition to supervising its contents, he contributed several articles to it.In 1882 Grove became first director of the Royal College of Music and was knighted. His book Beethoven and His Nine Symphonies was published in 1896.
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