Gropius, Walter (Adolph)

Gropius, Walter (Adolph)
born May 18, 1883, Berlin, Ger.
died July 5, 1969, Boston, Mass., U.S.

German-U.S. architect and educator.

The son of an architect, he studied in Munich and Berlin and in 1907 joined the office of Peter Behrens. In 1919 he became director of the Staatliches Bauhaus Weimar. He designed a new school building and housing for the Bauhaus when it moved to Dessau (1925); with its dynamic International Style composition, asymmetrical plan, smooth white walls set with horizontal windows, and flat roof, the building became a monument of the Modernist movement. In 1934 Gropius fled Germany for Britain, and in 1937 he arrived in the U.S, taking a position at Harvard University. At the Bauhaus and as chair (1938–52) of Harvard's architecture department, he established a new prototype of design education, which ended the 200-year supremacy of the French École des Beaux-Arts. Among his most important ideas was his belief that all design
whether of a chair, a building, or a city
should be approached in essentially the same way: through a systematic study of the particular needs and problems involved, taking into account modern construction materials and techniques without reference to previous forms or styles.

Walter Gropius, photograph by Erich Hartmann.

Erich Hartmann/Magnum Photos

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Gropius,Walter Adolph — Gro·pi·us (grōʹpē əs), Walter Adolph. 1883 1969. German born American architect. Founder of the Bauhaus school of design, he exerted tremendous influence on modern architecture. * * * …   Universalium

  • Gropius, Walter (Adolph) — (18 may. 1883, Berlín, Alemania–5 jul. 1996, Boston, Mass., EE.UU.). Arquitecto y docente alemán estadounidense. Hijo de arquitecto, estudió en Munich y Berlín, y en 1907 se unió al estudio de Peter Behrens. En 1919 llegó a ser director de la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gropius, Walter — ▪ German American architect Introduction in full  Walter Adolph Gropius  born May 18, 1883, Berlin, Ger. died July 5, 1969, Boston, Mass., U.S.   German architect and educator who, particularly as director of the Bauhaus (1919–28), exerted a… …   Universalium

  • Adolph — [ad′ôlf΄, ā′dôlf΄] n. 〚L Adolphus < OHG Adolf, Adulf, lit., noble wolf < adal, nobility + wolf, WOLF〛 a masculine name: equiv. L. Adolphus, Fr. Adolphe, Ger. Adolf …   Universalium

  • Walter — Walter, Bruno Walter, John * * * (as used in expressions) Adams, Walter S(ydney) Alvarez, Luis W(alter) Bagehot, Walter Walter Lanier Barber Beaton, Sir Cecil (Walter Hardy) Benjamin, Walter Brattain, Walter H(ouser) Richard Walter Jenkins, Jr.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Walter Gropius — Infobox Architect caption=Walter Gropius (circa 1920). Photo by Louis Held. name=Walter Adolph Gropius nationality=German / American birth date=birth date|1883|5|18|mf=y birth place= Berlin, Germany death date=death date and… …   Wikipedia

  • Walter — /vahl teuhr/ for 1; /wawl teuhr/ for 2, 3, n. 1. Bruno /brooh noh/, (Bruno Schlesinger), 1876 1962, German opera and symphony conductor, in U.S. after 1939. 2. Thomas Ustick /yooh stik/, 1804 87, U.S. architect. 3. a male given name. * * * (as… …   Universalium

  • Adolph — (as used in expressions) Gjellerup, Karl Adolph Gropius, Walter (Adolph) Ochs, Adolph Simon Volcker, Paul A(dolph) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Walter Gropius — Walter Adolph Georg Gropius Walter Gropius hacia 1919. Información personal Nacimiento 18 de mayo de 1883 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Hansaviertel (Berlin) — Hansaviertel Ortsteil von Berlin …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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