Frick, Henry Clay

Frick, Henry Clay
born , Dec. 19, 1849, West Overton, Pa., U.S.
died Dec. 2, 1919, New York, N.Y.

U.S. industrialist.

He began building and operating coke ovens in 1870 and organized his own company in 1871. From 1889 he served as chairman of Carnegie Steel Co., the world's largest manufacturer of steel and coke. His role in the violent steel strike of 1892 in Homestead, Pa., provoked an anarchist to shoot and stab him, but he survived. He was instrumental in the formation of the U.S. Steel Corp. in 1901. A noted art collector and philanthropist, he bequeathed the Frick Collection to New York City. See also Andrew Carnegie.

* * *

▪ American industrialist and philanthropist
born , Dec. 19, 1849, West Overton, Pa., U.S.
died Dec. 2, 1919, New York City
 U.S. industrialist, art collector, and philanthropist who helped build the world's largest coke and steel operations.

      Frick began building and operating coke ovens in 1870, and the following year he organized Frick and Company. Taking advantage of the difficult times following the financial panic of 1873, he acquired extensive coal deposits and supplied Pittsburgh with the coke required for its steel and iron industry.

      In 1889 Frick was made chairman of Carnegie Brothers and Company to reorganize their steel business. He initiated far-reaching improvements and bought out Carnegie's chief competitor, the Duquesne Steel Works. He was responsible for building Carnegie into the largest manufacturer of steel and coke in the world. As a result of his leading role in the dispute during the Homestead (Pa.) steel strike of 1892, he was shot and stabbed by Alexander Berkman, an anarchist, but survived.

      Frick played a major role in the formation of the United States Steel Corporation in 1901 and later became a director. He also served as a director of a number of railroads.

      Upon his death Frick bequeathed $15,000,000 and his Fifth Avenue mansion to New York City to establish the Frick Collection, a trove of paintings, bronzes, and enamels he had collected over a 40-year period. It is generally considered one of the great privately owned museums of the world. His other gifts include a 150-acre (61-hectare) park and a $2,000,000 endowment to the city of Pittsburgh, as well as liberal contributions to Princeton University.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Frick,Henry Clay — Frick (frĭk), Henry Clay. 1849 1919. American industrialist who amassed a fortune in the steel industry and bequeathed to the public a New York City mansion housing his art collection. * * * …   Universalium

  • Frick, Henry Clay — (19 dic. 1849, West Overton, Pa., EE.UU.–2 dic. 1919, Nueva York, N.Y.). Industrial estadounidense. Empezó a fabricar y a trabajar con hornos de coque en 1870 y formó su propia empresa en 1871. En 1889 asumió como presidente de Carnegie Steel Co …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Henry Clay Frick — Born December 19, 1849(1849 12 19) West Overton, Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania, U.S …   Wikipedia

  • Henry Clay Frick II — (October 18, 1919 mdash;February 9, 2007) was an American physician and professor of medicine at the Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons. [Hevesi, Dennis. [… …   Wikipedia

  • Henry Clay Frick — Henry Clay Frick. Henry Clay Frick (* 19. Dezember 1849 in West Overton, Pennsylvania; † 2. Dezember 1919 in New York City) war ein US amerikanischer Industrieller deutsch schweizer Abstammung. Frick war im Koks und Stahl Geschäft tätig. Bereits… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henry Clay Frick — (né à West Overton, Westmoreland County, Pennsylvanie, le 19 décembre 1849 mort à New York, New York, le 2 décembre 1919) était un industriel de l’acier et un mécène américain. Carrière Henry Clay Frick venait d’un milieu populaire. A l’âge de 21 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Henry Clay Frick — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar …   Wikipedia Español

  • Henry Clay Frick — noun United States industrialist who amassed a fortune in the steel industry (1849 1919) • Syn: ↑Frick • Instance Hypernyms: ↑industrialist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Clay — Clay, Cassius Clay, Henry * * * (as used in expressions) Cassius (Marcellus) Clay Clay, Cassius Marcellus Clay, Henry Clay, Lucius D(uBignon) Frick, Henry Clay …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Frick — The word Frick is commonly used as a surname.People With The Name Frick * Alexander Frick * Bruno Frick * Childs Frick * Ford Frick * Frick and Frack, ice skaters * Gottlob Frick * Henry Clay Frick * Henry Clay Frick II *Helen Clay Frick * Mario… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”