Folsom complex

Folsom complex
Prehistoric culture of North America on the eastern side of the Rocky Mountains that is known from stone tools.

It is characterized by leaf-shaped flint projectile points having a concave base with side projections and a longitudinal groove on each face. The complex was first identified at Folsom, N.M., U.S. It includes a variety of scrapers, knives, and blades and is generally dated to 8000–9000 BC. Like the earlier Clovis complex, it is considered to be part of a Paleo-Indian big-game hunting tradition.

* * *

▪ ancient North American culture
      an early archaeological complex of North America, characterized by a distinct leaf-shaped projectile point called a Folsom point. The Folsom complex of artifacts, which also includes a variety of scrapers, knives, and blades, was one variety of the Paleo-Indian hunting cultures; it centred in the Great Plains and persisted from approximately 9000 to 8000 BC. Folsom people were generalized hunters and gatherers, although they also hunted a now-extinct form of giant bison (Bison antiquus). Much of the importance of the Folsom complex derives from the fact that the initial scholarly excavation at Folsom, N.M., in 1926 (the site was discovered in 1908), marked the first association in the Americas of man-made artifacts with the bones of Pleistocene megafauna, which was known to have died out approximately 10,000 years ago; until this discovery, scholarly consensus had held that humans did not reach the Americas until perhaps 4,000 years ago. (See also Clovis complex.)

      The classic Folsom point is more or less leaf-shaped, or lanceolate, with a concave base, projecting ears at the basal corners, and fluted sides. In addition, the Folsom complex includes unfluted points, blunt-tipped knives, scrapers, and bone tools. Most Folsom artifacts have been discovered in various parts of the Great Plains. The majority of datable artifacts seem to fall in the period between 9000 and 8000 BC.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Folsom-Kultur — Folsom point – eine charakterische Projektilspitze der Folsom Kultur Die Folsom Kultur, benannt nach dem ersten Fundort, Folsom in New Mexico, ist eine frühe prähistorische Kultur der paläoindianischen Periode in Nordamerika. Ihre Verbreitung… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Folsom tradition — The Folsom Complex is a name given by archaeologists to a specific Paleo Indian archaeological culture that occupied much of central North America. The term was first used in 1927 by Jesse Dade Figgins, director of the Colorado Museum of Natural… …   Wikipedia

  • complex — complexly, adv. complexness, n. adj., v. /keuhm pleks , kom pleks/; n. /kom pleks/, adj. 1. composed of many interconnected parts; compound; composite: a complex highway system. 2. characterized by a very complicated or involved arrangement of… …   Universalium

  • Clovis complex — Widely distributed prehistoric culture of North America characterized by leaf shaped flint projectile points with fluted sides. The complex also includes bone tools, hammerstones, scrapers, and unfluted points. It derives its name from the first… …   Universalium

  • Cody complex — projectile points and knife The Cody complex is a Paleo Indian culture group first identified at a bison antiquus kill site near Cody, Wyoming in 1951.[1] The tradition is generally attributed to the North …   Wikipedia

  • Southeastern Ceremonial Complex — A map of the Southeastern Ceremonial Complex and some of its associated sites The Southeastern Ceremonial Complex (traditionally Southern Death Cult, later also as Southern Cult or Chiefly Warfare Cult) is the name given to the regional stylistic …   Wikipedia

  • Cuyamaca complex — The Cuyamaca complex is a precolumbian complex, dating from the late Holocene, with archaeological sites in San Diego County, California. This complex is related to the Kumeyaay peoples.[1] This archaeological pattern was defined by Delbert L.… …   Wikipedia

  • Old Copper Complex — Native copper nugget from glacial drift, Ontonagon County, Michigan. An example of the raw material worked by the people of the Old Copper Complex. Old Copper Complex is a term used for ancient Native North American societies known to have been… …   Wikipedia

  • Mount Horeb Earthworks Complex — Location …   Wikipedia

  • 201 Folsom Street — Infobox Skyscraper building name=201 Folsom I location=San Francisco status=Approved use= roof= groundbreaking= est completion= opening= floor area= floor count=43ref label|note01|A|a developer=Tishman Speyer architect=Heller Manus… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”