Flodden, Battle of

Flodden, Battle of
(Sept. 9, 1513) English victory over the Scots, fought in Flodden Field, near Branxton, Northumberland, Eng.

To honour his alliance with France and divert troops from the main English army, then in France under Henry VIII, James IV of Scotland crossed the English border on August 22 with an army of about 30,000 men supported by artillery. Henry's lieutenant, the future 3rd duke of Norfolk, gathered an army of 20,000 and issued a challenge to James, who agreed to fight on September 9. By nightfall the Scottish army had been annihilated and James was dead, together with more than 10,000 of his subjects.

* * *

▪ British history
      (Sept. 9, 1513), English victory over the Scots, fought near Branxton, Northumberland. To honour his alliance with France (1512) and divert troops from the main English army, which was then in France under Henry VIII, James IV of Scotland crossed the border (Aug. 22, 1513) with an army of about 30,000 men supported by artillery. Thomas Howard (Norfolk, Thomas Howard, 3rd duke of, earl of Surrey, Earl Marshal), earl of Surrey, Henry's lieutenant in the north, gathered an army of about 20,000 to oppose him. Fearing that the Scots would retreat to the border, Surrey issued a challenge to James, who agreed to wait until September 9 to fight. The battle began in the late afternoon. The Scots fought stubbornly, but the English 8-foot- (2.5-metre-) long bill (a staff ending in a hooked-shaped blade) proved superior to the Scottish 15-foot (4.5-metre) spear; and English archers proved decisive on the Scottish right. By nightfall the Scottish army was annihilated. James was killed, together with at least 10,000 of his subjects, including high officers of church and state and many nobles. These losses—and the fact that James left an infant son to succeed him—took Scotland out of international politics for a decade.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • FLODDEN, BATTLE OF —    fought on Flodden Hill, a low spur of the Cheviots, 6 m. S. of Coldstream, between James IV. of Scotland and the English under the Earl of Surrey on the 9th of September 1513, which resulted in the crushing defeat of the Scots, who lost their… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Flodden, Battle of — …   Useful english dictionary

  • battle — battle1 battler, n. /bat l/, n., v., battled, battling. n. 1. a hostile encounter or engagement between opposing military forces: the battle of Waterloo. 2. participation in such hostile encounters or engagements: wounds received in battle. 3. a… …   Universalium

  • Battle of Marignano — Part of the War of the League of Cambrai Contemporary depiction of the battle, attributed to the Maître à la Ratière …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Saint-Mathieu — Part of the War of the League of Cambrai Contemporary picture of the Breton flagship Marie la Cordelière (or …   Wikipedia

  • Flodden — [fläd′ n] hilly field in N Northumberland, England: site of a battle (1513) in which the English defeated James IV of Scotland …   English World dictionary

  • Battle of Flodden Field — Infobox Military Conflict caption=Also called the Battle of Branxton partof=the War of the League of Cambrai conflict=Battle of Flodden Field date=September 9, 1513 place=Near Branxton in Northumberland, England result=Decisive English victory… …   Wikipedia

  • Flodden — noun 1. a hill in Northumberland where the invading Scots were defeated by the English in 1513 • Instance Hypernyms: ↑hill • Part Holonyms: ↑Northumberland 2. a battle in 1513; the English defeated the invading Scots and James IV was killed • Syn …   Useful english dictionary

  • Flodden Wall — The Flodden Wall was a defensive structure built around the city of Edinburgh, Scotland, after the disastrous Battle of Flodden (1513), in which King James IV was killed. The construction was a response to threatened English invasion after a war… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Flodden Field — noun a battle in 1513; the English defeated the invading Scots and James IV was killed • Syn: ↑Flodden • Regions: ↑England • Instance Hypernyms: ↑pitched battle …   Useful english dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”