Farnese, Alessandro, duke di Parma and Piacenza

Farnese, Alessandro, duke di Parma and Piacenza
born Aug. 27, 1545, Rome
died Dec. 3, 1592, Arras, France

Regent of the Netherlands (1578–92) for Philip II of Spain.

He was educated at the court of Madrid, where he had been sent to prove his father's loyalty to the Habsburgs. In 1578 Philip II appointed him governor-general of the Netherlands, where his mother, Margaret of Parma, had been regent earlier. His great achievement was the restoration of Spanish rule in the southern provinces and perpetuation of Roman Catholicism there. He succeeded by astute statesmanship and military operations against the alliance of rebellious Protestant provinces led by William the Silent. In 1586 he succeeded his father as duke of Parma and Piacenza, but he never returned to Italy to rule.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Farnese, Alessandro — (1545 1592)    Born in Rome on 27 August 1545, Alessandro Farnese, duke of Parma and Piacenza (1586 92), was the son of Duke Ottavio Farnese and Margaret of Parma and thus a nephew of King Philip II and Don John of Austria, under whom he… …   Historical Dictionary of Brussels

  • Alexander Farnese, Duke of Parma — Alexander Farnese (Italian: Alessandro Farnese , Spanish: Alejandro Farnesio , (August 27 1545 ndash; December 3 1592), was Duke of Parma and Piacenza from 1586 to 1592, and Governor of the Spanish Netherlands from 1578 to… …   Wikipedia

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